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必修一Module 1 英语外研版基础知识综合训练


Ⅰ.单句语法填空 1.I’m going to take part ________ the Dragon Boat Training Camp this summer. 2. ________ (amaze),she stood and stared while the police arrested her husband. 3.What is your attitude ________ senior high students taking up a part-time job? 4.We are looking forward to ________ (have) your early reply to this matter. 5.The guide gives a general 6.Under the teacher’s physics study. 7.The new road is twice ________ (wide)than the old one. 8.Are you free now? I want to have a word ________ you. ________ (describe) of the island.

________ (instruct),we have made great progress in our

9.Don’t instruct your secretary ________ (say) you are out when you are in. 10.I enjoy reading the book and ________ does my wife. 答案 1.in 2.Amazed 3.towards/to 4.having 5 . description 6.instruction

7.wider 8.with

9.to say 10.so

Ⅱ.单句改错(每句仅 1 处错误) 1.Anything will become bored if you do it repeatedly. 2.We are looking forward to receive your e-mail in no time. 3.If you attend the party,neither will I.

4.Now it is very easy and quick to get informations from the Internet with just a computer. 5.I am boring with Mr.Wang’s talking;I can’t wait any longer for its end. 6.Failing the exam,he had a disappointing look on his face.

7.You’d better not be late again for class;in other word,you are expected to be on time next time. 答案 1.bored→boring 2.receive→receiving 3.neither→so 6.disappointing→disappointed

4.informations→information 7.word→words Ⅲ.课文缩写语法填空

5.boring→bored

Today is my first day at Senior High School.I am writing down my thoughts about it. My new school is very good.The teachers are very enthusiastic and 1.________ (friend).The classroom is 2.________ (amaze),which has a computer with a special screen behind it.The teachers write 3.________ it.My English teacher’s teaching method is completely different from 4.________ of the teachers at Junior High.The teacher is a very enthusiastic woman 5.________(call) Ms Shen.The class is really interesting.We have fun.We introduce 6.________(our) to each other.Ms Shen gave us instructions and then we 7.________(work) by ourselves.In our class,there are three times as many girls 8.________ boys and they all work hard.For our homework tonight,we have to write a description of the street 9.________ we live.I’m looking forward to 10.________(do) it. 答案 8.as 1.friendly 2.amazing 3.on 4.that 5.called 6 . ourselves 7.worked

9.where 10.doing

Ⅳ.单元考点作文串记 一、根据提示翻译句子 1.我的新学校很美丽,它完全不同于我初中的学校。(nothing like) _____________________________________________________________________ 2.新学校的面积是原来学校的四倍。(...times the size of...) _____________________________________________________________________ 3.这儿的老师好极了,他们热情友好。(brilliant,enthusiastic) _____________________________________________________________________ 4.他们对工作的态度非常积极。(attitude towards) _____________________________________________________________________

5.他们的教学方法给我留下了很好印象。(leave a/an...impression on sb) _____________________________________________________________________ 6.男老师经常邀请一些学生参加诸如打篮球、踢足球这样的活动。(take part in) _____________________________________________________________________ 7.我期盼着在这里实现我的梦想。(look forward to) _____________________________________________________________________ 答案 1.My new school is very beautiful and it is nothing like my junior high school. 2.This new school is about four times the size of my previous school. 3.The teachers here are brilliant,who are enthusiastic and friendly. 4.They have a very positive attitude towards their work. 5.Their teaching method leaves a good impression on me. 6.The men teachers often invite some students to take part in activities such as playing basketball and football. 7.I am looking forward to realizing my dream here. 二、加入适当过渡词,连句成篇

【参考范文】 My new school is very beautiful and it is nothing like my junior high school.This new school is about four times the size of my previous school.The teachers here are brilliant,who are enthusiastic and friendly.They have a very positive attitude towards their work and their teaching method leaves a good impression on me.After school, the men teachers often invite some students to take part in activities such as playing basketball and football.I am looking forward to realizing my dream here. Ⅴ.阅读理解 In 2011, a law was born.A type of ladybug (瓢虫) became the state insect of North Dakota.When the governor signed the bill into law, four kids stood behind him.These second-grade students had helped create a law! Jaden McNeiley, Logan Redding, Megan Zimmer, and Isabel Sieg were in

first grade when their idea for a law was born.They were studying the ladybug in school. Megan and Logan were farm kids and knew something about the ladybug already.They knew that farmers had a problem with crop-eating pests called aphids (蚜虫) and that ladybugs ate aphids.The more ladybugs were around, the fewer chemicals the farmers had to use. The kids were reading an article on the computer when they saw a link that led to a list of state insects.They clicked on the link and couldn’t believe their eyes.North Dakota did not have a state insect! The kids decided that a kind of ladybug called the convergent lady beetle should be their state insect.This ladybug was of great benefit to their farming state and it deserved a place of honor.But they had no idea how to create a law.So they asked their teacher for help.Their teacher knew their local state representative.When they all met, the representative told the kids they would have to present facts and solid reasons to convince lawmakers that North Dakota needed the ladybug as its state insect. The students spent much of that first grade spring researching ladybugs.Their teacher ordered ladybug larvae ( 幼虫 ) . They watched the larvae develop into adults.To learn more, they talked to scientists who study insects.The children say their research was hard work and they loved it.“Even if we hadn’t gotten what we wanted,” says Jaden, “even if the bill hadn’t passed, it was worth it.” The students want everyone to know that kids can make a difference.“Whether you are 8 or 80,” says Isabel, “you have a voice in your community.” “Believe in your dreams,” say Jaden and Megan.“But make sure you are ready to do work to back them up!” adds Logan. 【语篇解读】 本文是记叙文。 四个小学生促使瓢虫成为美国北达科他州的州虫。 1.Before studying the ladybug in school, Megan and Logan already knew________. A.how to create a law B.the advantages of aphids C.the state insects of the US

D.how ladybugs benefit people 答案 D [推理判断题。由第三段中的 They knew that...the fewer chemicals the farmers had to use 可推断,这两名学生此前就知道瓢虫有益于人类。] 2.How did the four kids feel when they saw the list of state insects? A.Surprised. C.Happy. B.Excited. D.Proud.

答案 A [推理判断题。由第四段末的 couldn’t believe their eyes.North Dakota did not have a state insect 可推断,孩子们看到州虫列表时很惊讶——北达科他州 居然没有州虫。] 3.Why did the four kids choose the convergent lady beetle as their state insect? A.Because it looks beautiful. B.Because they knew it very well. C.Because of their teacher’s advice. D.Because of its contribution to farming. 答案 D [细节理解题。由第五段中的 This ladybug was of great benefit to their farming state and it deserved a place of honor 可知,他们之所以选该种瓢虫作为州 虫是因为这种瓢虫对该州的农业很有好处。] 4.Jaden and Megan encourage kids to________. A.work for their dreams B.believe in themselves C.be different from others D.be devoted to their communities 答案 A [细节理解题。 由最后一段中的 Believe in your dreams 及 But make sure you are ready to do work to back them up 可知, 这两名学生鼓励孩子们为梦想而努 力。] Ⅵ.阅读七选五 Tips for writing the college essay While some high school seniors begin to enjoy writing their college essay, others fail to see the importance of it.__1__ Creating the college essay is supposed to be a

fun, and exciting task.It is a process of self-discovery.Some helpful tips: 1.Have fun!__2__Relax, breathe and realize that this is the time to expose a side of you that a transcript (学生成绩单) cannot. 2.__3__The worst thing you can do is pick an ordinary topic.Stay away from volunteer work, your dead dog and vacations.Admission counselors (入学辅导员) see thousands of essays a month; make sure your essay is distinct to your experience and personality.Do not focus on what you think they want you to write, but what is actually significant to you. 3.Don’t try to make yourself a victim. Although it is effective to appeal to the emotions of an admission counselor, I do not recommend writing an essay about sad stories.Self-pity can be annoying, and most admission counselors do not want that to be their first impression of you.The only exception to this is if you have an inspiring struggle that you overcame.__4__ 4.Your essay is not a longer version of your resume (简历).If you sent in a resume, there is absolutely no need to restate what is on it.Many students like bragging (吹嘘) about how much they do.It is amazing that you are involved, but admission counselors do not only want to hear about how much you do, especially if they already see this on your resume.__5__ Good luck on your college essay! A.It was received well by many. B.Don’t settle for basic—be creative! C.When you get upset, it is reflected in your work. D.You can talk about how a work changed your life. E.They want to see aspects of you that cannot be shown on a resume. F.In some cases, these 600 words determine an acceptance or a rejection. G.Make sure that the story is focused on your growth, not on the struggle. 【语篇解读】 本文是说明文。文章是写大学申请论文的几点建议。 1.F [F 项与上文的 see the importance of it 相呼应。] 2.C [C 项与本段小标题及下文的 Relax, breathe 相呼应,说明学生要让自己在

心情好的情况下写大学申请论文,并从中找到乐趣。] 3.B [由下文的 The worst thing you can do is pick an ordinary topic...but what is actually significant to you 可知,本段主要是说大学申请论文的内容要避免老套的 话题,应该体现自己的独特性。故 B 项恰当。] 4.G [G 项与上文的 have an inspiring struggle that you overcame 相呼应。] 5. E [E 项与上文的 admission counselors do not only want to hear about how much you do, especially if they already see this on your resume 相呼应。] Ⅶ.语法填空 Nearly all of us have dreamed about winning the big prize in a lottery (彩票). We dream about __1__we would do with the money, but we __2__(rare) stop to think about how the money would change us. For most of us, our way of life is closely linked __3__our economic circumstances.The different parts of our lives fit together like a jigsaw (拼图)—work, home, friends, hobbies, and sports make __4__our world.A sudden fortune would change it all and break the jigsaw.For example, most people like the idea of not __5__(have) to work, but winners have found that without work there is no reason to get up in the morning.It seems great __6__(move) to a bigger house in a(n) __7__(wealth) area, but if you do that, you leave old friends behind. Usually, winners __8__(advise) not to publicize their addresses and phone numbers, but begging letters still arrive.__9__they are not careful, most of their money will be spent on the __10__(protect) of their homes and swimming pools and their mental health! 答案 1.what [考查连接词。设空处引导宾语从句,且在从句中作动词 do 的宾

语,故填 what。] 2.rarely [考查副词。设空处修饰动词 stop,故填 rarely。] 3.to/with [考查介词。be linked to/with 是固定短语,意为“与??有联系”。] 4.up [考查副词。make up 意为“组成,构成”。]

5.having [考查动词-ing 形式作宾语的用法。介词后面要跟动词-ing 形式。] 6.to move [考查不定式作主语的用法。It 在此是形式主语,故用不定式短语作

真实主语。] 7.wealthy [考查形容词作定语的用法。设空处修饰名词 area,故填 wealthy。] 8.are advised [考查一般现在时的被动语态。从全文的时态可知,此处应是一

般现在时,并且 winners 和 advise 之间是被动关系,所以用 are advised。] 9.If/When [考查连词。设空处引导条件状语从句,故填 If/When。] [考查名词。设空处前有 the,故应用 protect 的名词形式。]

10.protection


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