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信息学院2015B级《词汇和结构题》答案


1、词汇
问题 1 得 5 分,满分 5 分 8.If you have three years’ work experience,you will be the right []for this job. A) person B) passenger C) tourist D) customer 答案:A 考查名词的词义。 答案 所选答案: person 正确答案: person

回答反馈: 答案:A 考查名词的词义。 问题 2 得 5 分,满分 5 分 1.Peter will [] the job as Sales Manager when John retires. 答案 所选答案: take over 正确答案: take over

回 答 答案( B) 本题考查动词词组的用法。四个选项中只有 take over 可与 sales 反馈: manager 搭配,表示“接任、接管某项职务或工作”。 问题 3 得 5 分,满分 5 分 3. How much does it []to take the online training course? 答案 所选答案: cost 正确答案: cost

回 答 反 答案: A 本题考查近义词的用法。 “某物花费多少钱”使用 sth. costs some money 馈: 问题 4 得 5 分,满分 5 分

5. Please call me back [] you see this message. 答案 所选答案: as soon as 正确答案: as soon as

回答反馈: 答案:D 本题主要区分形近短语的意思。As soon as 意为“一….就…” 问题 5 得 5 分,满分 5 分 10.While traveling in France, he []some everyday French. 答案 所选答案: picked up 正确答案: picked up

回答反馈: 答案:考查动词词组的辨义。Pick up 有“学习”之意。 问题 6 得 5 分,满分 5 分 14.To obtain a visa to enter that country for the first time, you need to apply []. 答案 所选答案: in person 正确答案: in person

回答反馈: 答案 B “in person”表示“亲自”的意思,符合题意。 问题 7 得 5 分,满分 5 分 13.Soft drink sales in this city have [] by 8% compared with last year. 答案 所选答案: increased 正确答案: increased

回答反馈: 答案 C .考查词意,是一道逻辑判断题。 问题 8 得 5 分,满分 5 分 17.The work seemed easy at first but it []to be quite difficult. 答案 所选答案: turned out 正确答案: turned out

回答反馈: 答案 B 考查对固定词组的掌握。选项 B (结果是)符合题意。 问题 9 得 5 分,满分 5 分 18.The small company is []to handle this large order. 答案 所选答案: able 正确答案: able

回答反馈: 答案 A 考查形容词词义的辨析,选项 A 能使句子意义通顺。 问题 10 得 5 分,满分 5 分 15.I []my former manager when I was on a flight to Beijing. 答案 所选答案: ran into 正确答案: ran into

回答反馈: 答案 A 考查动词词组的意思,选项 A (偶遇)符合题意 问题 11 得 5 分,满分 5 分 12.When dealing with a [] task, Alice always asks for help from people around her. 答案 所选答案:

A) difficult 正确答案: A) difficult

回答反馈: 答案 A .考查词意,是一道逻辑判断题。 问题 12 得 5 分,满分 5 分 9.Jack called the airline to []his flight to Beijing this morning. 答案 所选答案: confirm 正确答案: confirm

回答反馈: 答案:C 考查动词词义与用法。 Confirm 意为“确认”。 问题 13 得 5 分,满分 5 分 6.We haven’t enough rooms for everyone, so some of you will have to *+ a room. 答案 所选答案: share 正确答案: share

回答反馈: 答案:A 本题考查动词词义的辨别。 问题 14 得 5 分,满分 5 分 11. The department manager [] a new plan to promote sales at the meeting. 答案 所选答案: put forward 正确答案: put forward

回 答 反 答案 B 根据题意是“提出新计划的意思”,put forward 即为“提出的意 馈: 思”。 问题 15

得 5 分,满分 5 分 16.The house was sold for$60000, which is far more than its real[]. 答案 所选答案: value 正确答案: value

回答反馈: 答案 C 考查近义词的辨析,value 意为“价值”,符合题意。 问题 16 得 5 分,满分 5 分 7. If you want to join the club , you’ll have to *+this form first. 答案 所选答案: fill in 正确答案: fill in

回答反馈: 答案:C 本题考查动词短语的意义辨析。Fill in 的意思是“填充,填写” 问题 17 得 5 分,满分 5 分 2.The general manager has promised to []the matter in person. 答案 所选答案: look into 正确答案: look into

回 答 反 答案( B) 本题考查动词短语的意义。 Look into 意为“调查 (问题或罪行) ” 馈: 问题 18 得 5 分,满分 5 分 19. In his report of the accident he []some important details. 答案 所选答案: missed 正确答案:

missed

回答反馈: 答案 A 考查词义辨析,选项 A(遗漏)符合逻辑。 问题 19 得 5 分,满分 5 分 20.We’re going to *+the task that we haven’t finished. 答案 所选答案: carry on 正确答案: carry on

回答反馈: 答案 B 考查动词短语的词义,选项 B(继续做……)符合题意。 问题 20 得 5 分,满分 5 分 4.Mr. Smith used to smoke [] but he has given it up recently. 答案 所选答案: heavily 正确答案: heavily

回答反馈: 答案:C 本题考查副词词义的辨别. 2015 年 4 月 14 日 星期二 下午 04 时 55 分 37 秒 CST 确定

2、时态作业
用户 课程 测试 已开始 已提交 状态 12 工商管理 3-3 班 林晓霞 英语应用能力考试辅导(B 级) 时态作业 15-4-14 下午 5:05 15-4-14 下午 5:07 已完成

分数 说明

得 100 分,满分 100 分

已用时间 2 分钟。

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问题 1
得 10 分,满分 10 分

1.The manager was surprised at the news when he (receive) [] the phone call yesterday. 答案 所选答案: 正确答案: received received

回答反馈: 答案 received 本题考查的是一般过去时的用法。
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问题 2
得 10 分,满分 10 分

10. It (announce)[]yesterday that the game was to start in a week. 答案 所选答案: 正确答案: was announced was announced

回答反馈: 答案:was announced 考查动词的一般过去时和被动语态
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问题 3
得 10 分,满分 10 分

11. This picture (take) [] by a young reporter in Beijing last month. 答案 所选答案: 正确答案: was taken was taken

回答反馈: 答案 was taken 考查语态和时态。
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问题 4
得 10 分,满分 10 分

12.Yesterday, the secretary (give) _________the task to make arrangements for the annual meeting. 答案 所选答案: was given

正确答案: 回答 反馈:

was given

答案 was given 考查时态和被动语态,yesterday 提示本题用过 去时,从句意判断是秘书接到任务,所以用被动。
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问题 5
得 10 分,满分 10 分

13. She didn’t receive the application form; it(send) []to the wrong address. 答案 所选答案: 正确答案: 回答 反馈: was sent was sent

答案 was sent 考查时态和语态, 前面句子的过去时提示本题用 过去时,从后面句意判断是申请表被寄送,所以用被动。
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问题 6
得 10 分,满分 10 分

2.When you arrive tomorrow, my secretary (meet) []you at the airport. 答案 所选答案: 正确答案: 回答反 馈: will meet will meet

答案:will meet 本题考查的是时间状语从句中主句的时态的 用法问题。
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问题 7
得 10 分,满分 10 分

3. John has worked as a sales manager since he (join) [] this company in 2002. 答案 所选答案: 正确答案: joined joined

回答反馈: 答案:joined. In 2002 提示用过去时。
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问题 8
得 10 分,满分 10 分

4. It is reported that foreign car sales in the country (rise) [] by 8% last year. 答案 所选答案: rose

正确答案: 回答反 馈:

rose

答案:rose 考查动词的一般过去时。句末 last year 通常与一般 过去时的动词搭配。
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问题 9
得 10 分,满分 10 分

5. David will go on holiday as soon as he (finish) []the project. 答案 所选答案: 正确答案: 回答 反馈: finishes finishes

答案 finishes , 考查时间状语从句的时态。时间、条件状语从 句,将来意义要用一般现在是来表示。
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问题 10
得 10 分,满分 10 分

6. Last year, customers (buy) []a total of 90 million iPods and 2 billion songs from the iTunes store. 答案 所选答案: 正确答案: 回答反 馈: bought bought

答案 bought 考查句子时态。Last year 提示本题需用过去时 态。

2015 年 4 月 14 日 星期二 下午 05 时 07 分 31 秒 CST

3、非谓语动词作业
用户 课程 测试 已开始 已提交 状态 分数 12 工商管理 3-3 班 林晓霞 英语应用能力考试辅导(B 级) 非谓语动词作业 15-4-14 下午 5:09 15-4-14 下午 5:16 已完成 得 80 分,满分 100 分

已用时间 6 分钟。 说明

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问题 1
得 10 分,满分 10 分

1.I feel it’s a great honor for me []to this party. 答案 所选答案: to be invited 正确答案: to be invited 回答 答案( D) 本题考查不定式作主语的用法。It 在 feel 之后的宾语从 反 句中充当形式主语,而真正的主语则是后面的不定式;此外,根 馈: 据句子逻辑,应为“被邀请”之意,因此需要使用不定式的被动形 式,即 to be invited.
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问题 2
得 10 分,满分 10 分

2.Before [] for the job, you will be required to take a language test. 答案 所选答案: applying 正确答案: applying 回答反馈: 答案:B 本题考查的是“介词+动名词”的结构。
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问题 3
得 10 分,满分 10 分

3.As the price of oil keeps [], people have to pay more for driving a car. 答案 所选答案: going up 正确答案: going up 回答反 答案: B 本题考查 keep 与动词的搭配。 Keep doing sth 意为“一

馈:

直做某事或持续做某事”
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问题 4
得 10 分,满分 10 分

Advances in medical technology have made it possible for people (live) []longer. 答案 所选答案: 正确答案: to live to live

回答反馈: 答案 to live 本题考查不定式作宾语的用法。
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问题 5
得 10 分,满分 10 分

No reader is allowed (take) [] any reference book out of the reading room. 答案 所选答案: 正确答案: to take to take

回答反馈: 答案 to take 考查固定搭配 “be allowed to do something”
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问题 6
得 0 分,满分 10 分

Readers are not allowed (bring) [] food and drinks into the Library at any time. 答案 所选答案: 正确答案: 回答反 馈: bring to bring

答案: to bring 本题考查动词 allow 的固定搭配。 allow sb. to do sth.
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问题 7
得 10 分,满分 10 分

We are looking forward to (work) [] with you in the future. 答案 所选答案: 正确答案: working working

回答反馈: 答案:working 固定搭配 look forward to doing sth.

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问题 8
得 10 分,满分 10 分

No reader is allowed (take) [] any reference book out of the reading-room. 答案 所选答案: 正确答案: to take to take

回答反馈: 答案:to take 考查动词不定式的用法。Allow sb. to do sth.
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问题 9
得 10 分,满分 10 分

Now many young people spend several hours a day (talk) [] on a mobile phone. 答案 所选答案: 正确答案: talking talking

回答反 答案 talking 本题考查固定搭配的用法。Spend some time/money 馈: in doing sth., 其中 in 可以省略。
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问题 10
得 0 分,满分 10 分

We’ve only got one day in Paris,so we’d better (make) [] the best use of the time. 答案 所选答案: 正确答案: 回答反 馈: to make make

答案:had better 后的动词应为动词原形 make,had better do sth.

2015 年 4 月 14 日 星期二 下午 05 时 16 分 15 秒 CST

4、虚拟语气作业
用户 课程 测试 已开始 已提交 状态 分数 说明 12 工商管理 3-3 班 林晓霞 英语应用能力考试辅导(B 级) 虚拟语气作业 15-4-14 下午 5:23 15-4-14 下午 5:24 已完成 得 100 分,满分 100 分

已用时间 0 分钟。

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问题 1
得 10 分,满分 10 分

1.If I hadn’t attended an important meeting yesterday, I [] to see you. 答案 所选答案: would have come 正确答案: would have come 回答反 馈: 答案 B 考查 If 引导的虚拟语气,从句用“had done”, 主句用 “would have done”
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问题 2
得 10 分,满分 10 分

2.If I []that your business was growing so rapidly, I wouldn’t have been worried about it. 答案 所选答案: had known 正确答案: had known

回答反 馈:

答案 C 考查虚拟语气 if 虚拟语气 与过去事实相反,从句用 过去完成时。
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问题 3
得 10 分,满分 10 分

3. Look at the clock! It's time[]work. 答案 所选答案: we started 正确答案: we started 回答 本题考查虚拟语气的用法。“It’s time / it’s about time / it’s high 反馈: time”之后的从句要用一般过去时表示一种婉转的建议或提议。 故正确答案是 A。
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问题 4
得 10 分,满分 10 分

Look at the clock! It's time [] work. 答案 所选答案: we started 正确答案: we started 回答 本题考查虚拟语气的用法。“It’s time / it’s about time / it’s high 反馈: time”之后的从句要用一般过去时表示一种婉转的建议或提议。 故正确答案是 A。
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问题 5
得 10 分,满分 10 分

I would rather you (go) []with me tomorrow morning. 答案 所选答案: 正确答案: 回答反 馈: went went

答案 went 考查虚拟语气“would rather+从句”, 从句要用过去 时。
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问题 6

得 10 分,满分 10 分

If the engineer (come) [] here yesterday the problem would have been solved. 答案 所选答案: 正确答案: had come had come

回答反馈: 答案 had come 此题考查的是虚拟语气的用法。
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问题 7
得 10 分,满分 10 分

The adviser recommended that Mary (start)[] the training program as soon as possible. 答案 所选答案: 正确答案: start start

回答反 答案:(should)start 考查动词 recommend 后宾语从句的宾语 馈: 从句应为虚拟语气句。
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问题 8
得 10 分,满分 10 分

The doctor recommended that Mary (start)[] the health program as soon as possible. 答案 所选答案: 正确答案: start start

回答 答案 (should)start 考查虚拟语气 表示建议、请求、命令等动 反馈: 词之后的 that 从句中需要使用“should+动词原形”的形式,should 可以省略。
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问题 9
得 10 分,满分 10 分

If I []that your business was growing so rapidly, I wouldn’t have been worried about it. 答案 所选答案: had known 正确答案: had known

回答反 馈:

答案 C 考查虚拟语气 if 虚拟语气 与过去事实相反,从句用 过去完成时。
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问题 10
得 10 分,满分 10 分

If I hadn’t attended an important meeting yesterday, I [] to see you. 答案 所选答案: would have come 正确答案: would have come 回答反 馈: 答案 B 考查 If 引导的虚拟语气,从句用“had done”, 主句用 “would have done”

2015 年 4 月 14 日 星期二 下午 05 时 24 分 32 秒 CST

确定

5、从句作业(答案有错)
12 工商管理 3-3 班 林晓霞 课程 测试 已开始 已提交 状态 分数 已用时间 说明 英语应用能力考试辅导(B 级) 从句作业 15-4-14 下午 5:25 15-4-14 下午 5:30 已完成 得 80 分,满分 100 分 4 分钟。

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问题 1
得 10 分,满分 10 分

He attended school in England for several years, after[] he returned home. (2014.6) 答案

所选答案: which 正确答案: which 回答 考点:非限制性定语从句,且其先行词为前面的整个句子,非限 反 制性定语从句中,关系词只能用 which, 其最明显的判定标志为, 馈: 从句与主句用逗号隔开,且舍去从句不会影响主句句意的完整 性。
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问题 2
得 10 分,满分 10 分

[]his lecture is short,it gives us a clear picture of the new program. 答案 所选答案: Although 正确答案: Although 回答反馈: 表示让步关系
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问题 3
得 0 分,满分 10 分

The unemployment rate has become much lower []the government took these measures. (2014.6) 答案 所选答案: 正确答案: if 回 答 反 馈: 解析:初审题干,根据逻辑,可将答案锁定 B,C 两个选项,since, 自从......以来,引导时间状语从句,其主句必须是完成时态,而 if, 假设,如果,引导条件状语从句,在使用中必须遵循,主将从现 的规则,考察句子时态,此题应选 B. since, 译为:自从政府采取 措施以来,失业率已经有很大幅度的降低。
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(这个答案是对的) since

问题 4
得 10 分,满分 10 分

Hold the money in your bank account [] you use it for college courses.

答案 所选答案: unless 正确答案: unless 回答反馈: 表示除非
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问题 5
得 0 分,满分 10 分

You can not cancel your order[]you change your mind within three days. 答案 所选答案: unless(这个答案是对的) 正确答案: as if (是“似乎、假如”的意思 回答反馈: 表示除非
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问题 6
得 10 分,满分 10 分

It is easy to get the software we need [] the market is small. 答案 所选答案: although 正确答案: although 回 答 反 馈: 解析:此类题型多为主从句,故应先分清主从,考察句子逻辑, 确定从句类型。如题 1,主句中的 easy 和从句中的 small, 意义似 有矛盾,应为让步状语从句,而四个选项中,A.as if 似乎,好像, B. so that 如此以致,C. Although 尽管即使 D.until 直到,根据句 意逻辑,应选 C. 连接让步状语从句的连词有,though, although, even if, even though
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问题 7
得 10 分,满分 10 分

You can fly to London this evening [] you don’t mind changing the flight in Paris。

答案 所选答案: if 正确答案: if 回答反 馈: 解析:如题 2,此句亦为条件状语从句,根据句意选项,B 为 正确答案
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问题 8
得 10 分,满分 10 分

I’m afraid we don’t have that book in stock, [] we can order it for you. 答案 所选答案: but 正确答案: but 回答 解析:如题 5, 前后两句句意对比转折,所以应选择表示转折 反馈: 的 B. but, 表示“但是”。常用表示转折的连词还有:whereas, however, while, yet 等。
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问题 9
得 10 分,满分 10 分

[]the weather improves, we will suffer a huge loss in the tourist industry. 答案 所选答案: Unless 正确答案: Unless 回答反馈: 表示除非的意思
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问题 10
得 10 分,满分 10 分

Would you please pass me the book ________ cover is black? 答案 所选答案: whose

正确答案: whose 回答反 馈: 考点: 定语从句, 此句先行词为 book, 而 book 与 cover 之间是 所有格关系,故选 B.

2015 年 4 月 14 日 星期二 下午 05 时 30 分 16 秒 CST

6、单词适当形式填空作业
用户 课程 测试 已开始 已提交 状态 分数 12 工商管理 3-3 班 林晓霞 英语应用能力考试辅导(B 级) 单词适当形式填空作业 15-4-14 下午 5:50 15-4-14 下午 5:53 已完成 得 95 分,满分 100 分

已用时间 3 分钟。 说明 问题 1 得 5 分,满分 5 分 10.Thank you for your letter of April 15,(tell) *+us about Mr. John Brown’s visit to our company on May 10. 答案 所选答案: 正确答案: telling telling

回 答 反 答案 telling 考查非谓语动词作状语的用法,tell 和逻辑主语悠 you 之间 馈: 是主动关系。 问题 2 得 5 分,满分 5 分 12.They talked to him for hours,(try) []to persuade him to change his mind. 答案 所选答案: 正确答案: trying trying

回 答 反 答案 trying.考查现在分词作伴随状语。They 与 try 之间是 主动关系, 馈: 所以用 trying。 问题 3 得 5 分,满分 5 分 8. It took me several weeks to get used to (drive) [] on the left side of the road in London. 答案 所选答案: 正确答案: driving driving

回 答 反 答案 driving 考查固定搭配。get used to 后-ing 动名词,表示“习惯做某 馈: 事”。 问题 4 得 5 分,满分 5 分 17.If I (be)[]you,I wouldn’t ask such a silly question. 答案 所选答案: 正确答案: were were

回答反馈: 答案 were 考查 if 虚拟语气,与现在事实相反 从句用过去时。 问题 5 得 5 分,满分 5 分 2. Advances in medical technology have made it possible for people (live) [] longer. 答案 所选答案: 正确答案: to live to live

回答反馈: 答案 to live 本题考查不定式作宾语的用法。 问题 6 得 5 分,满分 5 分 The factory is going to make a new model of bicycle, designed (special) [] for women. 答案 所选答案: 正确答案: specially specially

回答反馈: 形容词转换成副词 问题 7 得 5 分,满分 5 分

Since we work in different sections of the company, we see each other only (occasional) [] . 答案 所选答案: 正确答案: occasionally occasionally

回答反馈: 形容词转换成副词 问题 8 得 5 分,满分 5 分 (general) [] speaking, table manners vary from culture to culture. 答案 所选答案: 正确答案: Generally generally

回答反馈: 词性转化,需要副词 问题 9 得 0 分,满分 5 分 1.Now many young people spend several hours a day (talk) [] on a mobile phone. 答案 所选答案: 正确答案: talking taking

回 答 反 答案 talking 本题考查固定搭配的用法。Spend some time/money in doing 馈: sth., 其中 in 可以省略。 问题 10 得 5 分,满分 5 分 4.We are looking forward to (work) [] with you in the future. 答案 所选答案: 正确答案: working working

回答反馈: 答案:working 固定搭配 look forward to doing sth. 问题 11 得 5 分,满分 5 分 I was (deep) [] moved by what my boss had done for me. 答案 所选答案: 正确答案: deeply deeply

回 答 【解析】 本题考查副词用法。 根据空格前的 was 和空格后的 moved by 判断 反馈: 本句是被动语态,was moved 构成谓语,而括号中给出的形容词必须变为 副词来修饰谓语,因此填入 deeply。 问题 12 得 5 分,满分 5 分 9.My father is a sports fan and he enjoys (swim) []very much. 答案 所选答案: 正确答案: swimming swimming

回答反馈: 答案 swimming 考查动词的搭配, enjoy 后加动词用-ing 问题 13 得 5 分,满分 5 分 6.We’ve only got one day in Paris,so we’d better (make) *+the best use of the time. 答案 所选答案: 正确答案: make make

回答反馈: 答案:had better 后的动词应为动词原形,had better do sth. 问题 14 得 5 分,满分 5 分 3. Readers are not allowed (bring) [] food and drinks into the Library at any time. 答案 所选答案: 正确答案: to bring to bring

回答反馈: 答案:to bring 本题考查动词 allow 的固定搭配。allow sb. to do sth. 问题 15 得 5 分,满分 5 分 Jack (quick) [] established himself as a powerful member of the new company. 答案 所选答案: 正确答案: quickly quickly

回答反馈: 形容词转化成副词 问题 16 得 5 分,满分 5 分

5.No reader is allowed (take) [] any reference book out of the reading-room. 答案 所选答案: 正确答案: to take to take

回答反馈: 答案:to take 考查动词不定式的用法。Allow sb. to do sth. 问题 17 得 5 分,满分 5 分 7.No reader is allowed (take) []any reference book out of the reading room. 答案 所选答案: 正确答案: to take to take

回答反馈: 答案 to take 考查固定搭配 “be allowed to do something” 问题 18 得 5 分,满分 5 分 I was (deep) [] moved by what my boss had done for me. 答案 所选答案: 正确答案: deeply deeply

回答反馈: 形容词转换成副词。 问题 19 得 5 分,满分 5 分 15.The doctor recommended that Mary (start)[] the health program as soon as possible. 答案 所选答案: 正确答案: start start

回 答 答案 (should)start 考查虚拟语气 表示建议、请求、命令等动词之后的 反馈: that 从句中需要使用“should+动词原形”的形式,should 可以省略。 问题 20 得 5 分,满分 5 分 14.The adviser recommended that Mary (start)[] the training program as soon as possible. 答案 所选答案: 正确答案: start start

回 答 反 答案: (should)start 考查动词 recommend 后宾语从句的宾语从句应为 馈: 虚拟语气句。 2015 年 4 月 14 日 星期二 下午 05 时 53 分 49 秒 CST 确定


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