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高二英语《unit2 New Words and Expressions》_图文


高二英语课件:New Words and Expressions (新人教必修5)
Unit 2 The United Kingdom

1.王国 2.雕像;塑像 3.折叠;对折 4.矛盾;冲突 5.制度;机制;公共机构 6.描写;描述 7.筹备;安排 8.快乐;高兴;喜悦 9.使激动;使胆战心惊 10.争吵;争论;吵架 11.联合;团结

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kingdom statue fold conflict institution description arrange delight thrill quarrel unite

1.由。。。组成 2.把。。。分成 3.挣脱(束缚);脱离 4.为。。。带来荣誉;值 得赞扬;在。。。名下 5.省去;遗漏;不考虑 6.代替 7.(机器)损坏;破坏

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consist of divide…into break away (from) to one’s credit leave out take the place of break down

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New words
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1. clarify vt. You can clarify this question if you study British history. An example will help to clarify what I mean. He clarified his stand/ position on this issue. clarify the situation/ a problem

--fy 构成动词词缀,意思是 使…,如satisfy, terrify beautify simplify

2. accomplish vt. ? A lazy man would never accomplish anything. ? The first part of the plan has been safely accomplished.
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同义词辨析
指成功地完成预期的目标、任务等,常 accomplish 接aim, journey, voyge finish 多指日常事务的完成,强调事情的了结、 终止 complete 强调事物完整地完成或或终结

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3. convenience n.

It’s great convenience to live there. ? I kept my reference book near my desk for convenience. ? Can you call me at your convenience?
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convenient

adj.

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If it’s convenient for/ to you, please come to my office. When would it be convenient for you to go? convenient 作表语时,不可用人作主语,要用事物或用it
充当形式主语。

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4. attract vt. What first attracted me to her was her sense of humor. She did her best to attract his attention, but failed. Hawaii is one of the great tourist attractions of the world. Ice cream is attractive to children.

5. collection n. ? The painting comes from his private collection. ? Her new book is a collection of short stories. ? He has a fine collection of modern pictures.
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Expressions
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1. consist of = be made up of The UK consists of four countries =The Uk is made up of four countries. This group consists of seven members. His job consists of helping old people who live alone.
不用于进行时及被动语态

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The true wealth does not consist in what we have, but in what we are. ? His conclusions do not consist with the facts.
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consists of Life mainly ________ happiness and sorrow consist in while happiness and sorrow ______ struggle. Remember that your ideal life does not consist with always ________ the reality.

2. divide into ? The river divides the city into two parts. ? England can be divided into three main areas. ? Let’s divide the cake into three. ? The book is divided into six sections.
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divide 意为“把一个整体分成若干个部分” 常 与 into, among, between 搭配

divide into 把…分成 divide sth. among sb. 在…分配 divide A from B 使分离; 使分开 divide… by… 用…除以

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3. break away (from)

It’s difficult to break away from a habit. ? The prisoner broke away from the two policeman who were holding him.
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break down break into break out

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4. leave out

Which country is left out? ? You have left out a letter “m”. ? The boy felt left out because the other children don’t play with him.
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leave for sp. leave sth. aside leave behind leave off leave over leave alone

停止(做某事),中断
遗留,剩下 动身去某地

不予考虑,搁置一边
不管;不理;不干涉

把…抛在后面,超过

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5. to one’s credit It’s greatly to your credit that you have overcome such difficulties. She has a large sum standing to her credit in the bank. 以前学过 “to+one’s+抽象名词”结构的短语还有 那些?

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divide…into

feel left out

attract

at his convenience to his credit consist of
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Tom transferred to a new class last week. The consists of class ___________ 12 boys and 10 girls. Tom ___________ because the other children don’t feels left out play with him. ____________, he still loves his To his credit new classmates. He would help others do anything ________________. This morning, he at his convenience brought a box of candy from home. The candy ________ other children to Tom. Tom ______ the attracted divided candy ____ 22 parts and gave them to his into classmates. He felt happy.

Homework
Remember the new words and expressions. ? Complete your paper. ? Preview the reading part.
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