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巧记大学英语六级单词 Lesson 37


Lesson 37

activate
vt. 使活动起来,使开始起作用
The cardiac pacemaker is used to activate the heartbeat when the patient is suffering from a serious shock.
心脏起搏器是在病人严重休克时用来激活心脏跳动的。

adjacent
a. (to)邻近的,毗连的
Guangdong Province is adjacent to Hunan Province.
广东省与湖南省交界。

automation
n. 自动化(技术),自动操作
Automation means the methods and machines that make industry more and more automatic, esp. by means of electronic controls.
自动化指的是使工业生产日益自动化的方法或机器,尤指通过电子控制。

batch
n. 一批,一组,一群;
一批生产量
Every year migratory birds fly to Kunming in batches to survive the winter.
每年有成群的候鸟飞到昆明来越冬。

casualty
n. 伤亡人员,死伤者;
受害人,损失的东西
In Iran-Iraq war, both sides incurred heavy casualties.
在两伊战争中,双方均遭受惨重伤亡。

catastrophe
n. 大灾难,灾祸
The Wenchuan earthquake in 2008 was a catastrophe.
2008年的汶川大地震是一场大灾难。

cavity
n. 洞,穴,凹处;龋洞
There is a cavity in one of my teeth; it makes me terribly painful.
我有颗牙齿上有个洞,疼死我了。

census
n. 人口普查,统计
A census of population is taken every ten years.
人口普查每十年进行一次。

coverage
n. 新闻报道;覆盖范围
CCTV has an overall coverage of 90% of the mainland area by means of satellite telecommunication.
中央电视台通过通讯卫星已覆盖大陆90%的地方。

deficiency
n. 缺乏,不足;缺点,缺陷
In spite of mental deficiency, Zhouzhou can conduct a large orchestra. It's really a miracle.
尽管智力上有缺陷,但舟舟却能够指挥大型管弦乐队。这真是个奇迹。

deficit
n. 赤字,亏空,亏损
The financial deficit of the USA is now even more serious than Japan.
美国现在的财政赤字比日本要严重得多。

eccentric
a. (人、行为、举止等)古怪的,
怪癖的,异乎寻常的
n. 古怪的人,怪癖的人
I'm afraid I cannot learn to speak Italian because I cannot pronounce the eccentric trill sound no matter how hard I try.
我怎么也发不出那古怪的颤音,我想我一辈子也学不会意大利语。
Mars, Venus and the other planets move in eccentric orbits.
火星、金星及其他行星沿不正圆的轨道运行。

eclipse
v. (日、月)食,遮掩(天体的)光;
使暗淡,使失色,使相形见绌
n. (日、月)食;(地位、名誉的)消失,黯然失色
A solar eclipse occurs when the moon passes between the Earth and the sun.
当月球从地球和太阳之间穿过时就会发生日食。
Many actors go into eclipse after death.
许多演员死后声名衰退。

fascinate
vt. 强烈地吸引,迷住
The changing vivid colors of the sunset fascinated the eye.
日落时变化多端的色彩使人看得入迷。
It is a universal social problem that many teenagers are fascinated with video-games.
许多青少年沉醉于电子游戏,
这已成为一个普遍的社会问题。

gasp
n./vi. 喘息,喘气,倒抽气
vt. 喘着气说出(或发出)
An asthmatic patient coughs so much that he keeps gasping for breath.
哮喘病人咳嗽得很厉害,以至于不停地喘气。


hail n. 雹;一阵 vi. 下雹
vt. 招呼,高呼;热情赞扬,
为…喝彩
In summer hail sometimes falls and damages the crops.
夏天有时下冰雹,使农作物受到损害。
The crowd hailed the actress with joy.
人们高兴地向那位女演员欢呼。

ideology
n. 思想(体系),思想意识
As modern university students, we should be opposed to the feudal ideology.
作为当代大学生,我们应该反对封建思想。

kit
vt. (out)装备
n. 成套工具,(适应特定需要的)成套用品;
配套元件
A fighter plane pilot carries a kit of lifesaving appliance when he bails out the fighter plane.
歼击机飞行员跳伞时带有整套的救生设备。

magnitude
n. 重要性,重大;
巨大,广大;大小,量值
It is an affair of the first magnitude for government of various levels to strictly carry out the policy of family planning.
严格执行计划生育政策是各级政府的头等大事。
The magnitude of traffic flow of Guangzhou City is greatly increasing these years.
这几年广州的车流量猛增。

obscene
淫秽的,下流的;
可憎的,可恶的
The editors of the film, Women in Pavilion, cut several scenes containing obscene language.
电影《庭院里的女人》的编剧删除了几个含有淫秽语言的场景。

peel
vt. 削…的皮,剥…的壳
vi. 剥落,脱皮
n. (水果等的)皮,外皮
It is said that the apple peel contains a lot of vitamins.
据说苹果皮富含维生素。
Some people like to peel the apple before eating for fearing the harm of the farm chemical and antiseptic to their health.
有的人担心农药和防腐剂对身体有害,所以吃苹果喜欢削皮。

pendulum
n. (钟)摆;摇摆不定的事态
The pendulum of the Big Ben above the British Parliament House has to be cleaned every year.
英国国会大厦上的大本钟的钟摆得每年清洗。

qualify
v. (使)胜任,(使)具有资格,
(使)合格
Youngsters are qualified to vote when they are 18 years old.
年轻人18岁时就有资格投票。
Do you qualify for the vote?
你有投票资格吗?

rating
n. 等级,品级,评定结果;
(pl.)(电视节目的)收视率,
(广播节目的)收听率
The critic's rating of the film A Beautiful Mind is high.
评论家们对电影《美丽心灵》的评价很高。

recipient
n. 接受者,接收者
The postman spent almost a whole day looking for the recipient of the letter, but up till now he has not found him yet.
邮递员几乎花了整整一天的时间寻找该信的收信人,但到现在还没有找到。

saturate
vt. 使湿透,浸透;使充满,使饱和
It is estimated that TV sets and fridges have been saturated in the China market.
据估计,中国市场上的电视机和冰箱已经饱和。

scent
n. 香味,气味;
臭迹,踪迹,线索;香水
vt. 嗅到,察觉
Scents of lavender and rosemary can relieve tension.
熏衣草和迷迭香的香味可以减缓精神紧张。

segregate
vt. 使隔离,使分开
Some societies still segregate men and women.
有的社会仍然将男女隔离。

suite
n. (旅馆的)套间;一套家具
The former American president Ronald Reagan stayed in the president suite of the Guangzhou White Swan Hotel for 2 nights when he visited China.
美国前总统里根访问中国时曾在广州白天鹅宾馆的总统套间里住过两个晚上。

terrain
n. 地形,地势
Nearly 90% of the area of Guizhou Province is mountain terrain.
贵州省近90%的地区是山地地形。

Undermine
vt. 逐渐削弱;侵蚀…的基础
Smoking and overdrinking undermines our health.
抽烟和饮酒过度有损健康。

vegetation
n. 植物,草木
Much of the northwestern vegetation has been damaged by overgrazing.
西北地区大多数天然植被已被过度放牧破坏。


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