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Units 13-14 检测题


Units 13-14 检测题
第一部分: 英语知识运用 (共三节,满分 50 分) 第一节:语音知识(共 5 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 5 分) 从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,找出其划线部分与所给单词的划线部分读 音相同的选项。 1. range A. rank C. variety 2. relative A. relationship C. recorder 3. soul A. youth C. ought 4. oxygen A. village C. game 5. chorus A. cheat C. chemistry B. machine D. challenge B. gallon D. foreign B. famous D. though B. centigrade D. erosion B. ant D. stable

第二节:单项填空(共 15 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 15 分) 从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。 6. The material appears to be iron at ______ first sight because of its color, but actually it is made of ______ wood. A. 不填;不填 C. the; 不填 B. the;the D. 不填;the

7. ______ she is a likable girl, she can be extremely difficult to work with. A. While B. For C. Before D. If

8. He sat down suddenly, as if he didn’t ______ his legs to support him.

A. advise

B. trust

C. promise

D. persuade

9. I chose to go to Berlin for a variety of reasons, but the main reason was ______ Berlin stood out as being unique. A. what B. that C. which D. if

10. Your father is very ill; you should ______ a doctor. A. call back C. call in B. call off D. look into

11. Take a walk along the Chesapeake Bay, and you are likely to see plastic bags ______ in the water. A. to float C. floating B. to be floated D. floated

12. I think it ______ have been Jack that parked the car like that, as he is always doing so. A. should B. would C. need D. must

13. We moved to Phoenix in 2000, and from then on we ______ in this house. A. will live C. have lived B. had lived D. are living

14. The event was organized by two people, ______ is a professional. A. neither of them C. both of them B. neither of whom D. both of whom

15. In the ancient times, women ______ from taking part in the Olympic Games. They couldn’t even watch the competitions. A. forbade C. had forbidden B. were forbidden D. were forbidding

16. —Why not stay for lunch? My mom is making hamburgers and fries. —______. I love hamburgers and fries. A. Not at all C. Never mind B. That’s right D. Good idea

17. The lonely man tells the reporter that many a man in his village ______ to big

cities for work in the past two years. A. have gone C. were going B. has gone D. was going

18. Being a nurse in a busy hospital is a(n) ______ job — you don’t get much free time. A. demanding C. worthy B. pleasant D. interesting

19. I know she’s offered to babysit any time but I don’t want her to think we’re taking ______ of her. A. care C. notice B. advantage D. place

20. With prices ______ from about $20 to $200, the tool can be affordable and easy to buy. A. have ranged C. ranged B. are ranging D. ranging

第三节:完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从 21-40 各题所给的四个选项(A、B、 C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项。 Our area was just a few miles from the largest wildfire in Colorado’s history. We were on “evacuation alert (疏散警报)”. If we got the have to leave immediately. We 23 22 suitcases with some clothes and set them by the door. We didn’t 21 to evacuate, we would

these things were valuable, but time was. We moved the computers, with which 24 . We took family pictures off the 25

I wrote for newspapers and made a and packed them in boxes.

Then we took a hard look at all that my great grandmother. It was a wife Bev 28 27

26

. There was a lamp that belonged to

to my family. And there was the piano my 29 in itself,

to play when she was a little girl. Not of great

but another family connection. The thought of 30 something passed down from our families saddened me

deeply,

31

I’d never been much attached to things. It’s about what they 33

32

—family and love. They each had a(n) 34 of our parents and grandparents. The fire that all was 35 36

to tell, and some of them spoke in the

reached our home. We were lucky. And though I felt grateful , I also realized just how fortunate I had been 38 37 . I saw just

how rich my life had been. Someone

said, “There are people so poor that the 39 . I was indeed rich. I was rich in 40 .

only thing they have is money.” And now I

family, rich in memories, rich in everything that really

I wonder if there is any other kind of wealth worth seeking. 21. A. answer 22. A. sold 23. A. worry 24. A. mark 25. A. walls 26. A. left 27. A. present 28. A. learned 29. A. quality B. call B. bought B. care B. living B. ceilings B. burnt B. connection B. agreed B. taste C. chance C. searched C. think C. sign C. windows C. remained C. symbol C. forgot C. value C. giving away C. even though C. represented C. right C. speeds C. seldom C. stopped B. in return D. at most B. accidentally B. knew B. desires C. wisely C. announced C. helps D. coldly D. thanked D. counts D. task D. packed D. doubt D. plan D. albums D. unmoved D. treasure D. refused D. sense D. leaving behind D. or D. gathered D. story D. feelings D. finally D. found

30. A. knocking out B. picking out 31. A. but 32. A. contained 33. A. idea 34. A. sounds 35. A. never 36. A. returned B. unless B. included B. lie B. voices B. once B. spared

37. A. in another way C. at last 38. A. curiously 39. A. promised 40. A. affects

第二部分:阅读理解(共 25 小题;第一节每小题 2 分,第二节每小题 1 分;满 分 45 分) 第一节:阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最 佳选项。

A
One of the most popular fast food restaurants in America is Taco Bell. While this restaurant may not serve authentic (真正的) Mexican food, that is perfectly okay with Americans. Americans have come to love the Americanized treats that Taco Bell has sold for the past 40 years. Each year Americans crowd into Taco Bell restaurants and spend over $6.2 billion. Glen Bell opened the first Taco Bell restaurant on March 21, 1962. The first franchise (特许经营店) was sold in 1964. And 80% of Taco Bell restaurants are individually owned franchises. Taco Bell has more than 143,000 employees. This includes the employees in the company and individually owned restaurants. Surprisingly enough, this restaurant is a cut above the other fast food restaurants when it comes to their employees. Taco Bell not only offers benefits, but they also help employees to move up in the company. Each year Taco Bell sells lots of food. In fact, they sell 2 billion tacos (墨西哥煎 玉米卷) each year. What’s their key to success? Just look at their menu. Not only is their food tasty, but it’s extremely affordable as well. Taco Bell restaurants can be found in several cities across America. In fact, there’re 5,800 restaurants. With all those restaurants, you can be sure that the company makes lots of money each year. In fact, company-owned restaurants make around $1.8 billion each year, while individually owned restaurants bring in another $4.4 billion. 41. The passage mainly talks about ______. A. a fast food restaurant in America B. the menu of Taco Bell restaurants

C. why Taco Bell has so many franchises D. fast food restaurants in America 42. The underlined part in Paragraph 3 probably means ______. A. Taco Bell is smaller than other fast food restaurants B. Taco Bell pays its employees less than other fast food restaurants C. Taco Bell is better than other fast food restaurants D. Taco Bell makes bigger profit than other fast food restaurants 43. What can we learn from the passage? a. Who opened the first Taco Bell restaurant. b. When the first Taco Bell restaurant was opened. c. The prices of food in Taco Bell restaurants. d. How many Taco Bell restaurants there are in Asia. e. How much money Taco Bell restaurants bring in each year. A. a, b, c B. a, b, e C. b, c, d D. b, d, e

44. According to the passage, Taco Bell restaurants ______. A. serve authentic Mexican food B. were set up in the past decade C. are mostly private franchises D. have a small number of employees

B
The zebra belongs to the horse family. One of nature’s great mysteries is why the zebra has stripes. One theory is that the stripes help the zebra cool down. On hot days the black stripes get a lot hotter than the white area of the zebra and under the black stripes there are special layers of fat for protection. Hot air then rises off the black stripes, forcing colder air down around the white areas, cooling the zebra down. This, however, is just a theory. The stripes can also confuse predators (食肉动物) when zebras stay with other animals in great numbers. Zebras have excellent hearing and eyesight and can run at a speed of up to 35

miles per hour (56 kilometers per hour). They also have a powerful kick that can cause serious injury to a predator, like a lion, or an African wild dog. Usually the lead male of the herd stays at the back of the group to defend against predators if necessary, while the females and youngsters run from danger. Zebras are herbivores and feed mostly on grasses, although they also might eat the leaves and stems(茎) of bushes a bit. They eat grasses for many hours each day, using their strong teeth. Spending so much time chewing wears the zebra’s teeth down, so their teeth keep growing all their lives. As the dry season arrives and the grasses die back, zebra herds travel to find more food and water holes for drinking. Most zebras have no specific territories. They travel from place to place, never staying in one area very long. 45. What can be inferred from the first paragraph? A. There are different opinions about why the zebra has stripes. B. The black stripes help the zebra live through cold days. C. The zebra can easily be attacked by predators. D. The zebra always travels with other animals. 46. According to the passage, herbivores are ______. A. animals that have specific territories B. animals that only eat plants C. animals that kill and eat other animals D. animals that live in groups 47. The zebra has strong teeth all their lives because their teeth ______. A. only chew soft grasses B. are used all day C. are always growing D. are kept clean 48. Which of the following statements about zebras is TRUE? A. They have poor eyesight and hearing. B. Their stripes can confuse predators. C. They can run 56 miles per hour.

D. They usually stay in one area all their lives.

C
I’m a 21-year-old boy, and this is my story. A month after I graduated from high school in 2004, I was coming home from swim practice and was involved in a car accident. I was so seriously injured that I was in a coma (昏迷) for over two months at Prince Georges Hospital. I died eight times during my coma and I couldn’t talk or communicate when I woke up. Walking was never going to happen again due to all the extreme injuries. Just like my body, my dreams were shattered (破灭). But I was not going to let my injuries stop me from living my dream. After 14 operations and 36 blood transfusions, I had to learn how to talk, eat, walk, shower, and live independently again. When I was out of hospital, I still had to go to outpatient therapy (门诊治疗) in Waldorf, Maryland. After spending a few months in a wheelchair, I took baby steps to walk on my own. It was a miracle (奇 迹) that I could walk again, but I wanted to prove that I could not only walk, but run. When it came true, I wanted to get back in the pool again. After a few lung tests, I was able to go in the pool a little bit each week. After a few months of swim training, I began my freshman year at St. Mary’s College of Maryland and became a proud member of the swim team. By telling my story, I want to make a positive influence on the world. I am just trying to live each day to the fullest and inspire other people to never give up on their dreams no matter how bad a situation is. I remember when I was still in my hospital bed, I would have my mom and dad push me around in my wheelchair to the other rooms to see the other patients and talk to them and their families. I wanted to let them know that everything was going to be okay. Somehow, things would work out for the best. 49. When the car accident happened, the author ______. A. was a high school student

B. had finished his high school education C. was a college student D. was returning home from a swim competition 50. It can be inferred that the author ______ after he woke up from his coma. A. was out of hospital B. was in surprise C. faced physical and mental challenges D. was worried about his lung 51. What can we learn from the author’s recovery? A. Attitude is everything. B. Actions speak louder than words. C. Everything happens for a reason. D. A good beginning is half done. 52. What does the author mainly want to show in the last paragraph? A. His purpose of sharing his story. B. His painful experiences. C. His influence on others. D. His great achievements.

D
Today’s families are busier than ever. Helping your children with their homework may take up too much time. Fortunately, homework is something that can be managed creatively, reducing the amount of time spent on it while increasing its effectiveness. ________________________ Invite your child’s friends over so they can do homework together. Join in these study sessions from time to time. Older brothers and sisters can tutor younger children. Make the most of homework time Use senses to increase learning. Research exists that confirms that using all the

senses can enhance (提高) learning. Reading aloud, drawing pictures, and using mental imagery can help students learn lessons more quickly and thoroughly. Break lessons into manageable parts. Children can grow frustrated by studying too much material at one time. Limit new material to between 15 and 25 items. Review 20 items and add five new ones during a studying session. Know your child Every child is different, so pay special attention to the following items: Energy level. Is your child a morning person or an evening person? Evening people need to stay up late to finish homework; morning people will be more productive if they get a good night’s sleep and get up early to do homework. Personality. Is your child quiet and reflective or outgoing and always in motion? A quiet child will sit at a table to read or complete assignments (任务); a child in motion might need to talk through an assignment with you or discuss homework over a game of catch (接球) before writing. The best strategy for tackling homework is to use study time efficiently and, most importantly, get help from available resources. 53. What would be the best title for the passage? A. Best strategy for study B. Homework strategies for busy families C. Do homework creatively D. Use available resources for study 54. Which of the following can be filled in the blank in the passage? A. Make homework a shared activity B. Help your child C. Spend more time on your child’s homework D. Learn from people around 55. Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage? A. Using all the senses when doing homework increases the amount of time spent on it. B. Doing homework in the morning is more efficient than in the evening.

C. Children should not discuss homework with their parents before writing. D. Studying too many new items at one time may reduce efficiency. 56. The passage is mainly written for ______. A. students C. parents B. teachers D. researchers

E This summer Bohmte, Germany, reworked its down-town main street, not only removing the traffic lights but also tearing down the curbs (路缘) and erasing marked crosswalks. The busiest part of the street turned into a square shared equally by bikes, pedestrians (步行者), cars, and trucks. Now, there is only one rule: Always give way to the person on the right. The bonus? The whole town has become more human. “We look at each other, and we greet each other,” says a citizen named Ulrike Rubcic. Mayor Klaus Goedejohann knew that the heavy traffic spoilt Bohmte’s atmosphere and endangered the safety of its residents. But the town cannot forbid truck traffic because its main street is a state highway. Then he heard of a radical (激 进 的 ) traffic-management theory called “shared space”. Pioneered by a Dutch engineer who thought towns were safer with fewer rules, it envisioned (设想) open surfaces on which motorists and pedestrians could communicate with one another by eye contact, other signals, and a greater consideration for one another. Separating cars from pedestrians was wrong, argued the Dutch engineer called Hans Monderman, whose death this winter aroused people’s interest in his ideas once again. Portrayed as a dangerous maverick decades ago, Monderman put in place more than 100 shared-space programs in the Netherlands. When the European Union started a research project on shared space, Bohmte decided to try it, along with six other towns, including Ostend in Belgium and Ipswich in England. Not everybody feels good about the town having spent close to $3.3 million on redesigning its downtown. “In theory shared space is more human, but we’re left out,” says Mr. Breiner, a sight-impaired (有视力障碍的) man who cannot make eye contact with drivers. Many people also worry that the children and elderly will not be able to

communicate with drivers. Still, a 2008 study in Holland reported that shared space has reduced the number of accidents in sign-free areas. And Mayor Goedejohann is confident. His town averaged 50 accidents last year. Since the shared space concept was enacted (通过), there haven’t been any, he says. 57. According to Paragraph 1, after Bohmte took down its traffic lights, ______. A. there are fewer people walking in the street B. there is much less traffic through the town C. people become more friendly to one another D. people can travel faster than before 58. Who is the founder of the theory of “shared space”? A. Ulrike Rubcic. B. Klaus Goedejohann. C. Mr. Breiner. D. Hans Monderman. 59. The underlined word “maverick” in Paragraph 3 probably means ______. A. someone who has no importance or power B. someone who always follows rules and regulations C. a bad person who brings disaster to the world D. an unusual person who has different ideas 60. Which of the following best summarizes the main idea of the passage? A. People show more interest in Monderman’s “shared space”. B. Bohmte removes lights and signs and sees accident rates decline. C. Communication between pedestrians and drivers is important. D. More European countries plan to design shared space streets. 第二节:根据对话内容,从对话后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项 中有两项为多余选项。 —What are you going to do after you return from Washington? — 61

—What will you do all day?



62

—Have you ever worked? —No, but I can learn. 63

—I’m going to camp. I’ve gone to camp for four summers. —I’ve never gone to camp. 64

—We do many things like swimming, boating, playing basketball, and telling stories. — 65 Maybe someday I can have a try.

A. What are you going to do this summer? B. What do you do there? C. That sounds wonderful. D. You do have a good time. E. F. I’m going to stay in the city. What do you often do in summer?

G. I’m going to work with my father at the store.

第三部分: 写作 (共三节,满分 55 分) 第一节:单词拼写(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 根据下列句子及所给汉语注释, 在句子右边的横线上写出空缺处各单词的 正确形式。 (每空只写一词) 66. New laws will greatly ______ (使……受益) the region’s poorest people. 66. _____________________ 67. A lot of animals are ______ (敏感的) to the changes of the temperature. 67. _____________________ 68. The water in the oceans can keep the temperature steady by ______ (吸收) and giving off heat. 68. _____________________ 69. She has a ______ (独特的) ability of communicating with animals of all kinds. 69. _____________________ 70. Salt has a lower ______ point (冰点). 70. _____________________

71. About fifty years ago, mixed-race ______ (婚姻) were forbidden. 71. _____________________ 72. He ______ (要求) an apology from the boss because of ill treatment at the meeting yesterday. 72. _____________________ 73. During the Second World War, there were many organized ______ (抵制) of Japanese goods all over China. 73. _____________________ 74. Many people were marching along the street , struggling to be given ______ (平 等的) rights. 74. _____________________ 75. Do you think my ______ (投票) really makes a difference? 75. _____________________ 第二节:短文改错(共 10 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分) Dear Mr. Peralta, Thank you for speaking to our class last Thursday. You all learned a lot about how you make your weather 76. _____________________ forecast. After you left, we made a list what we had 77. _____________________ learned. Then we set up the small weather station outside 78. _____________________ our classroom. From now on, one student in the class would 79. _____________________ be the weather forecaster every day. He and she will record 80. _____________________ weather data in our weather book. In a little months, 81. _____________________ we will start drawing graphs and charts that show our 82. _____________________

weather patterns here in Nebraska. Which you can see, 83. _____________________ your visit has been given us a lot of ideas. Thank you so 84. _____________________ much for opening our eyes to this interested subject. 85. _____________________ Sincerely, B. J. Gluck 第三节:书面表达(满分 30 分) 假如你是李华,现就读于西南大学三年级英语系。今年寒假你参加了很多社 区活动。下面是你 2 月 16 日(星期一)回到母校所参加的实践活动。请你用英 语写一篇日记,记下你的经历。 上午 参观母校。母校的面积是原来的两倍,新增了几栋教学楼和实 验室。 中午 对大约 500 名高三学生进行问卷调查。通过调查了解了他们的 学习和生活情况。 下午 做了关于“如何提高英语成绩”的讲座,用时两个半小时。讲 座结束后,认真解答学生们提出的很多有关英语学习方面的问 题。

注意:1. 词数:100 左右; 2. 开头已为你写好,但不计入总词数; 3. 参考词 汇: 母校 alma mater February 16th Monday Sunny

Today I paid a visit to my alma mater. In the morning, ___________________ _____________________________________________________________________

参考答案: 1-5 DBDAC 11-15 CDCBB 21-25 BDCBA 31-35 CCDBA 41-45 ACBCA 51-55 AABAD 61-65 EGABC 67. sensitive 69. unique 71. marriages 73. boycotts 75. vote 77. list 后加 of 79. would → will 81. little → few 83. Which → As 76. You → We 78. the → a 80. and → or 82. √ 84. 去掉 been 6-10 AABBC 16-20 DBABD 26-30 CBACD 36-40 BACBD 46-50 BCBBC 56-60 CCDDB 66. benefit 68. absorbing 70. freezing 72. demanded 74. equal

85. interested → interesting One possible version: February 16th Monday Sunny

Today I paid a visit to my alma mater. In the morning, I was shown around the campus. What impressed me most was that the school is twice the size of what it used to be. The newly-built teaching buildings and the lab building make her more beautiful and attractive. At noon, I carried out a survey among about 500 Senior Three students, from which I learned a lot about their school life and study. As an English major, in the afternoon, I gave a lecture on how to improve English. It lasted two and a half hours. After the lecture, students asked me a lot of questions about English learning and I explained to them carefully. It was an unforgettable experience for me.


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