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首字母填空


YOU WILL WHEN YOU BLIEVE!
Lugou Secondary School
BYTang Hongling

Hi, I’m Ms Tang,

your new friend.

Nice to meet you.

If a foreign friend wants you to introduce the Spring Festival , what will you introduce ?

1.the greatest t raditional festival 2.between late January or early February 3.last about f ifteen days long 4.have delicious food and wear new c____ lothes 5.get red p_____ for good l______ ocket uck inner 6.have a get-together d______ 7.visit r elatives and f riends with the words “Have all your wishes ”.

The Spring Festival is the greatest traditional 1 festival. is usually a time between late January 2or early February, which means rest and relaxation between winter and spring after a year's toil, and means celebration as well. Before the Spring Festival, people clean their house, put red couplets on their gates. In many places people like to set off firecrackers. Children like the festival very much , because they can have d elicious 3 food and wear new c lothes 4 .They can also get red pocket 5 . This money is given to children for good luck6 . On the eve of the Spring Festival, a get-together d inner 7 is a must, and the most popular food is Dumplings, which is supposed to bring good fortune. The Spring Festival lasts about fifteen 8 days long .Peop visit relatives 9 and f riends 10 with the words “Have all you wishes”. People enjoy the Spring Festival , during this time the can have a good rest .

The Spring Festival is the greatest traditional 1 festival. is usually a time between late January 2or early February, which means rest and relaxation between winter and spring after a year's toil, and means celebration as well. Before the Spring Festival, people clean their house, put red couplets on their gates. In many places people like to set off firecrackers. Children like the festival very much , because they can have d elicious 3 food and wear new c lothes 4 .They can also get red pocket 5 . This money is given to children for good luck6 . On the eve of the Spring Festival, a get-together d inner 7 is a must, and the most popular food is Dumplings, which is supposed to bring good fortune. The Spring Festival lasts about fifteen 8 days long .Peop visit relatives 9 and f riends 10 with the words “Have all you wishes”. People enjoy the Spring Festival , during this time the can have a good rest .

什么是首字母填空题?
? 给出一段意义完整的文章选取十处,将单 词挖空但保留首字母, 它要求考生在充分理 解短文的基础上将单词拼写出来,并且单词 形式合理,符合语法规范,符合短文需要。 ? 考查重点是名词、动词、形容词、 副词和代词这几大词类。

主要可以从哪些方面来分析做题?

可以主要从这四方面来分析做题:

fixed collocation ? (固定搭配)

句法分析syntax (主谓宾定状补) : 【2011上海 】 You probably need many other people to help you.For example, the p 95 of actors and actresses is very important in your film. Of course, these actors and actresses may be your schoolmates, friends or family members. You don’t even need to pay them a cent while they are glad to be part of your job.

95.population 根据句法分析所填词在句中作为 主语,又因为下文中都是在谈论电影中的那些男 女演员组成,加上谓语动词是单数,故应填populat

上下文语境分析context(含逻辑推理):
(2010上海)Do you know the word “brunch”? In the West, many people like to have brunch—late (1)b________ or early lunch. People often have brunch between 10 a. m. and 2 p.m. on Sunday because they prefer to get up (2) l_____ after a week's hard work or want to enjoy brunch with their parents, or friends. 1.breakfast, 由下句“early lunch” 和前面的对应词 late 可知 brunch 是比breakfast 要晚,而比 lunch 要早。 2. late, 根据句中的状语“on Sunday” 和“after a week's hard work”可知在周末由于人们都在家休 息,所以起床会较完。

基本常识分析basic knowledge :
【 2011大庆】 Wood-block printing was invented sometime between the 4th and the 7th c 56 in China. The earliest book that we have ------本文介绍了木版印刷的历史和它的发展过程。 56.century 木版印刷在公元4世纪到公元7世纪在 中国发明的,这是一个常识性的问题,所以填写 century。

固定搭配分析 fixed collocation:
(2011山东临沂 )Exercise can help to make you look good, feel good and be healthy. Scientists suggest that teenagers should spend at l 86 30 minutes exercising every day. When you exercise, your body produces something. It makes you feel relaxed 87 and energetic. It can even help you sleep better at night and let you pay more a 88 when you study. Let’s eat healthily and take regular exercise. 86. least 每天锻炼至少30分钟。 88. attention 让你更多地关注。

首字母填空解题的三步骤:
1. 跳过空格、 通读全文、 把握大意。 2. 综合考虑、 先易后难、 各个击破。 3. 复读全文、 逐空验证、 弥补疏漏。

【2011 山东烟台】阅读下面短文,根据短文内容及首字母提示补 全文中所缺的单词, 答案写在题后的横线上。 “Sorry” is a word that people in Britain often say in their daily life. One day while I was w 1 on the street, a young man ran by hurriedly, brushing(轻擦)against my handbag. He continued his way, but turned b 2 and said “sorry” to me. Even in a rush, he didn’t f 3 to say “sorry”. One day, after I bought some bananas, the shopkeeper was passing me the change, but I wasn’t ready for it and a coin dropped onto the ground. “Sorry, Madam,” he said w 4 bending to pick it up. I was s 5 why he said “sorry” to me. Another time, I stepped on a man’s f 6 at the entrance to a cinema. At the same time, we b 7 said “sorry”. Slowly, I got to know that when something unpleasant happens in daily life, the British don’t c 8 much about who is wrong. If someone is in trouble, a “sorry” is always n 9 . Perhaps that is w 10 I seldom see people quarrel on the buses or streets in Britain.

第一步骤:通读全文。

文章介绍的主要内容是什么? 文章介绍了sorry这个词在英国 人日常生活中被广泛使用,同时 sorry也让人与人之间的关系更 加和谐。

第二步骤:分析、填词。 Have a competetion One day while I was w 1 on the street, a young man ran by hurriedly,

句法分析(主谓宾定状补) 。 walking, 根据句法分析所填词在句中作为谓语, 又因为while后面接延续性动词,所以这个 句子是过去进行时,故此处填walking 。

He continued his way, but turned b 2 and said “sorry” to me. 2.上下文语境分析(含逻辑推理) 。 back , 根据句意和上下文,可以知道 这个人转身说了句“sorry”,故此处填 back。

Even in a rush, he didn’t f 3

to say “sorry”.

3.固定搭配分析。forget/ fail ,从文中可以 知道这个人虽然不停地跑着,也没忘记说 sorry,故此处填固定词组“forget /fail to do sth ”中的forget/fail。

One day, after I bought some bananas, the shopkeeper was passing me the change, but I wasn’t ready for it and a coin dropped onto the ground. “Sorry, Madam,” he said w 4 bending to pick it up.

4.句法分析(主谓宾定状补) 。 while, 根据句法分析,这个人一边说sorry, 一边将掉在地上的硬币捡起,很显然是 一个时间状语, 故用while。

I was s 5

why he said “sorry” to me.

5.上下文语境分析(含逻辑推理)surprised, 该句意为“我感到很惊讶,他居然对我说 ‘对不起’ ”。(因为这不是他的错),故填 surprised。

I stepped on a man’s f 6 at the entrance to a cinema.

6.基本常识分析。foot/ feet , 去过电影院 的人都有过这样的经历,因为人多,而常会 不小心踩在别人的脚上,然后说声“对不 起” 。此处要填foot/feet。

At the same time, we b 7 said “sorry”. 7、句法分析(主谓宾定状补)/上下文语 境。 both ,此处填写的应该是一个副词 来修饰动词“say”接上句“我们两个都说 了‘对不起’”,所以填both。

Slowly, I got to know that when something unpleasant happens in daily life, the British don’t c 8 much about who is wrong. 8、固定搭配分析。 care, 这里是说英 国人不很在乎谁对谁错,即“care much about”故要填care。

If someone is in trouble, a “sorry” is always n 9 .

9.上下文语境分析(含逻辑推理)。 necessary ,根据上文可知,sorry 这个 词使用频率很高, 如果某人处于困难之中, ‘对不起’就更需要了”,故填此处填写 necessary。

Perhaps that is w 10 I seldom see people quarrel on the buses or streets in Britain. 10.句法分析(主谓宾定状补) 。why , 这是一个复合句,是一个表语从句, 该句 意为“或许这就是我们为什么在英国很少 见到大街上或者公共汽车上吵架的原因 吧”,所以此处填why。

第三步骤:检查答案
(快速)通读全文,逐空验证(如) 名词考虑其单复数形式 动词考虑其时态、语态及搭配 形容词考虑要不要用比较级或最高级等 Read the text and learn how to check the answers by yourselves.

注意点: 如何做到有效校对? 完成填空后,还需最后的校核. 考试时可以放在做完其他试 题之后进行,避免思路停留在 原来的文字上,回头再次校核 能使你从另外的角度考虑问 题,从而提高正确率.

Exercise:阅读短文,根据短文内容及首字母提示,在空白处填入一个
适当的单词。 She is Liu Hui ,a middle school student in Anhui, one of the “ stay-athome children” in her town. Liu Hui is 12 years old and lives (1) w______her sister. Her parents left home to make money in big ith nly cities when she was (2) o ________ four. Liu Hui has to take are (3) c ____ of her younger sister. They have to stay at home alone ecause (4) b ________ they have to go to school. ad/sorry “I used to feel (5) s ________ without my parents at home,” she said, hy “but now I know (6) w ___ they do so. They have to go away to make money for (7) u s ___so that we can live a better life.” Every day, Liu Hui gets up at 6:30 a.m. and cooks (8) b reakfast _________. Then the two girls go to school. They have supper at 6:00 p.m. Then Liu Hui does housework and (9) h elps _____________ her sister with her homework. She usually goes to bed at 9:30 p.m est Though busy, Liu Hui is still the (10) b ________ student in her class. She said, “My life is OK. But I still hope my parents will come back and live with us. ”

.

Homework
Have a good revision and get ready for the test.


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