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初高中衔接教育第一讲 (生)


初高中衔接教育第一讲
一、初高中英语的不同: 二、看真题把握高考动态,明确以后学习的方向 15 年全国卷一完型 On the way ,we spotted 看到 a man holding a piece of paper that said, “ __41___ my job. Family to Feed.” Lost My 10-year-old noticed him and make a __43____ on how bad it must be to have to stand ___44____ in the cold wind. (comment, outside) 15 天津 One agent 17 a house in particular. 17. A. recommended B. decorated C. sold D. rented 15 全国卷二 59. A. Experience B. Independence C. Curiosity D. Interest 15 四川卷 My previous home had a stand of woods behind it and many animals in the backyard. 三、分类型突破 15 年全国卷一改错真题 When I was a child, I hoped to live in the city. I think I would be happy there. Now I am living in a city, but I miss my home in countryside. There the air is clean or the mountains are green. Unfortunately, on the development of industrialization, the environment has been polluted. Lots of studies have been shown that global warming has already become a very seriouly problem. The airs we breathe in is getting dirtier and dirtier. Much rare animals are dying out. We must found ways to protect your environment. If we fail to do so, we will live to regret it. 四、单词、短语是进一步学好英语的关键。 记忆英语单词和短语的一些思路 单词记忆:前后缀:act action active activity actor actress react 脱离 abnormal 不正常的 abuse abaxial 离开轴心的 反抗 antiwar 反战的 反帝的 virus 自动,自己 autobiography 自传 autostable 自动稳定 使…加强 belittle 使缩小 befriend 友好相待 二,双 biweekly 双周刊 biligual 两种语言的 bicycle tricycle co,col,com,con,cor 共同 cooperation 协作 collaboration 协作,勾结 combine 联合, correlation 相互关系 反,对应 counteraction 反作用 contrast 对比,对照 否定,相反 diffident 不自信的 dislike 不喜欢 disappear 使… enlarge 扩大 enable 使…能 empower 使…有权力 外,出 external 外部的 erupt 喷出 以外,超过 extraordinary 的 extrasolar 太阳系以外的 在上,超 hyperfrequency 超高频 hypersonic 超声的 否定 illogical 不合逻辑的 illegal impossible 不可能的 impolite impatient invisible 不可 见 inexpensive irrational 不合理的 irregular 互相 interchange 交换 interlock 连锁 internet 在内,内部 intrapersonal 个人内心的 introspect 内省 恶,不良 maltreat 虐待 malfunction 机能失常 微 microscrope 显微镜 microwave 微波 micro economy macro 宏 macro economy 中,中间 半空中 midstream 中流 mid autumn
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小 minibus 小公共汽车 mini state 小国 miniskirt 错,坏 mistake 错误 misspell 拼错 mislead 多 multiparty 多党的 multilingual 多种语言的 multi media 否定 nonsmoker 不抽烟的人 nonexistent 不存在的 nonstop 超过,过度,外,出,除去 outgo 走得比…远 outgrow 长得太大 outdoor 户外的 outroot 除根 上,过度 overwork 工作过度 overbridge 天桥 后 postwar 战后 postnatal 诞生后的 前,领先 prewar 战前的 prefix 前缀 回,再 return 返回 restart 重新开始 半 semicircle 半圆 semiconductor 半导体 次,亚,在下,低于 substandard 低于标准规格的 succeed 继承 suffix 后缀 supplement 增补 subway trans 转换,变换,横过,越过 transmit 传送 transatlantic 横渡大西洋的 transform 三 tricar 三轮车 triangle 三角(形) 否定 unstable 不稳定的 unknown 未知的 under 下,内(指衣服),不足 underground 地下的 underskirt 衬裙 underpay 付资不足 单一 uniform 均匀的 unipolar 单极的 ********后 缀******** 可…的,能…的 readable 可读的 sensible 可觉察的 age 表状态,性质,行为 breakage 破损 shortage 缺乏 具有…性质的,如…的 personal 个人的 regional 地区的 表动作,人,事物 proposal 提案 professional 专业人员 表状态,行为,性质 importance 重要性 confidence 自信 表状态,行为,性质 constancy 一惯性 urgency 紧迫性 表人,物,行为 applicant 申请人 correspondent 通信者 arian 表各种年龄,派别,主义,职业的人 humanitarian 人道主义的 utilitarian 功利 主义者 crat 支持,参与者 democrat 民主人士 bureaucrat 官僚 dom 表性质,状态,行为 freedom 自由 wisdom 智慧 ee 表动物的承受者 employee 雇员 trainee 受训练的人 er 从事…的人 pioneer 开拓者 volunteer 志愿者 使变成 harden 使硬 shorten 使短 lessen deepen 有…质的,似…的 golden 金色的 woolen 毛的 表人,物 singer 歌唱家 survivor 幸存者 ery 表状态,性质,行为,活动地点 nursery 托儿所 robbery 掠夺 slavery 奴隶身份 ese 某国(地)的,某国(地)的人及语言 Chinese 中国人(汉语) Portuguese 葡萄牙人(语) ess 表女性,雌性 hostess 女主人 actress 女演员 ful 充满…的,具有…性质的 cupful 一满杯 fearful 可怕的 hood 表身份,状况,性质 neighborhood 邻里 manhood 男子气概 类似…的,具有…的 heroic 英雄般的 logical 合逻辑的 ify 使成…,使…化 magnify 放大 purify 提纯 表情况,状态,性质,行为 fashion 时髦 decision 决定 ish 似…的,有…的 selfish 自私的 childish 儿童般的 ism 表示……主义,行为,…学,…派 realism 现实主义 tourism 旅游 fatalism 宿命
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论 modernism 现代派 ist 从事…工作的人 socialist 社会主义者 dentist 牙科医生 ity 表行为,性质,状态 unity 团结一致 maturity 成熟性 ive 有…性质的,有…作用的,属于… protective 保护的 productive 生产的 active 积极主动的 以…方式对待,…化 realize 实现 analyze 分析 modernize 现 代化 less 没有…的 fearless 无畏的 useless 无用的 let 小 booklet 小册子 leaflet 传单 like 有…性质的,像…的 dreamlike 梦一般的 humanlike 像人类的 logy 论,研究 biology 生物学 technology 技术 ly 如…的,有…特性的 manly 男子气的 lovely 可爱的 ment 表行为,状态,性质 movement 运动 management 管理 ness 表状态,性质 darkness 黑暗 kindness 仁慈 充满…的 dangerous 危险的 famous 著名的 ship 表状况,状态,身份,技艺,技能 hardship 苦难 doctorship 博士学位 workmanship 手艺,工艺 some troublesome 讨厌的 ster 表示人 youngster 年轻人 gangster 歹徒 ward(s) 表方向 upward(s)向上 y difficulty hairy 五、学英语很有必要。 六、其实学好英语并不难。 我们课本中学的: Eg:Supported by his academic research, Professor Salovey suggests that when predicting someone’s future success, their character, as measured by EQ tests, might actually matter more than their IQ. 本句的主干是 Professor Salovey suggests+ that 引导的宾语从句。Supported by his academic research 为 非谓语动词。宾语从句里边有主句和从句,主句为 their character might actually matter more than their IQ.; when predicting someone’s future success 和 as measured by EQ tests 分别为时间和方式状语从句。 宾语从句里边有主句和从句:简单的例子:I promise that if necessary, I will help you. ①In his latest book, Doing Our Own Thing: The Degradation of language and Music and why we should like, care, John McWhorter, a linguist and controversialist of mixed liberal and conservative views, sees the triumph of 1960s counter-culture as responsible for the decline of formal English。 【结构分析】 该句子的主干是“John McWhorter sees the triumph of 1960s counter-culture as responsible for the decline。”主语前的介宾短语“in his latest book”做状语,“book”后有一个较长的书名充当其同位语。 主语和谓语之间“a linguist and controversialist of mixed liberal and conservative views”为主语的同位语,对主 语补充说明。 语言学家和辩论家麦克沃特的观点混杂着自由派与保守派的看法。在他最近的书《做我们自己的事: 语言和音乐的退化,以及我们为什么要喜欢和在乎这样的事情》中,这位学者认为 60 年代反文化运动的 胜利要对正式英语的退化负责。 ②. As a linguist, he acknowledges that all varieties of human language, including non-standard ones like Black English, can be powerfully expressive—there is no language or dialect in the world that cannot convey complex ideas。
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【结构分析】 该复合句的主干是“he acknowledges that all varieties can be expressive”,谓语 “acknowledges”后面是“that”引导的宾语从句。从句中主谓之间插入了介宾短语“including non-standard ones like Black English”。破折号后面分句对前面话语进行补充说明,其中还有一个“that”引导的定语从句。 作为语言学家,麦克沃特认为各种各样的人类语言,包括像黑人语言这样的非标准语言,都具有强大 的表达力――世上没有传达不了复杂思想的语言或方言。 考研阅读理解中难句:并不是我定义它是难句的,这是人家网上考研专家分析的。大家看看,其实并 不复杂。但是前提是我们要懂语法。 [2013· 课标Ⅱ] The book I'm reading of talks about afternoon tea in Britain. It is said to have started in the early 1800's. Have tea in the late afternoon provides a bridge between lunch and dinner, that might not be served until 8 o'clock at night. This custom soon becomes another meal of day. Interesting, it had a connection by the British porcelain (瓷器) industry. Tea in China was traditionally drank from cups without handles. When tea got popular in Britain, there was a crying need for good cup with handles to suit British habits. This made for the grow in the porcelain industry. [2013· 浙江] Dear Diary, Here I am in the middle of a city,350 miles far away from our farmhouse. Do you want to know why we move last week? Dad lost his job,and as Mom explained, “He was lucky to find other one.” His new job meant I had to say goodbye to my classmate, my school or just everything else I love in the world. To make matters bad, now I have to share a room with my younger sister,Maggie. Tomorrow is first day of school. I am awfully tiring,but I know I'll never fall sleep. Good night and remember, you, dear diary, is my only souvenir from my past life and my only friend. Yours, Rosemary 【2012 全国新课标】I learned early in life that I had to be more patient and little aggressive. From the time I was about four until I was about six, I destroyed each of my toy. I was happy when the toys worked, but when things did wrong, I got angry and broke it. For a while parents bought me new toys. But before long they began to see which was happening. When I tear apart my fifth birthday toy train, my father said, "That's it. No more toys to you." My punishment lasted a year. Meanwhile, I found out that with more patience I must make my toys to last. My attitude changed from then on. 新课标一(2014 河南)Nearly five years before, and with the help by our father, my sister and I planted some cherry tomatoes(圣女果)in our back garden, since then---for all these year---we had been allowing tomatoes to self-seed where they please. As result, the plants are growing somewhere. The fruits are small in size, but juicy and taste. There are so much that we often share them with our neighbors. Although we allow tomato plants to grow in the same place year after year, but we have never had any disease or insect attack problems. We are growing wonderfully tomatoes at no cost!

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