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2018年八年级英语上学期阅读理解20篇


新目标英语八年下阅读理解 20 篇

阅读理解 1
Jack is a twenty-year-old young man. Two years ago, when he finished middle school, he found work in a shop. Usually he works until ten o'clock in the evening. He is very tired when he gets home. After a quick supper he goes to bed and soon falls asleep. His grandma who lives downstairs is satisfied with (满意) him. One day, on his way home, he met Mary. They were both happy. He asked the girl to his house, she agreed happily. He bought some fruit and drinks for her. And they talked about their school, teachers, classmates and their future (未来). They talked for a long time. “Have a look at your watch, please,” said the girl. “What time is it now?” “Sorry, something is wrong with my watch,” said Jack. “Where's yours?” “I left it at home.” Jack thought for a moment and found a way. He began to stamp his foot on the floor, “Bang! Bang! Bang!” The sound woke his grandma up. The old woman shouted downstairs, “It's twelve o'clock in the night, Jack. Why are you still jumping upstairs?” 1. Jack was ________ when he finished middle school. A. sixteen B. eighteen C. twenty D. fifteen

2. The old woman is satisfied with Jack because ________.

A. he's her grandson C. he can keep quiet

B. he's clever D. he gets home on time

3. From the story, we can know that Mary is Jack's ________. A. classmate C. aunt B. colleague (同事) D. wife

4. The word “stamp” in the story means ______ in Chinese. A. 盖印 B. 跺 C. 贴邮票 D. 承认

5. Jack stamped his foot on the floor in order (为了) ________. A. to wake his grandma up B. to make his grandma angry C. that his grandma was going to tell him the time D. that his grandma was going to buy him a watch 参考答案 : 讲解: 1.第一句介绍杰克今年 20 岁,2 年前中学毕业,故选 B。 2.结合前后文意,前面讲他吃完饭就去睡觉,并且很快就睡着了, 文章最后介绍他用脚跺楼,发出声音,奶奶阻止他,说明他奶奶怕吵,综 合判断选 C。 3.由第二段倒数第二句判断。 4.根据文意,他奶奶住他楼下,倒数第二句又讲他用脚在地板上发 出“Bang...”的声音,故应是用脚跺楼。 5.因他表坏了,Mary 又没带,他们想知道时间 1.B 2.C 3.A 4.B 5.C

阅读理解 2
We are all busy talking about and using the Internet (互联网), but how many of us know the history of the Internet? Many people are surprised when they find that the Internet was set up in the 1960s. At that time, computers were large and expensive. Computer networks (网络) didn't work well. If one computer in the network broke down, then the whole network stopped. So a new network system had to be set up. It should be good enough to be used by many different computers. If part of the network was not working, information could be sent through another part. In this way computer network system would keep on working all the time. At first the Internet was only used by the government, but, in the early 1970s, universities, hospitals and banks were allowed to use it too. However, computers were still very expensive and the Internet was difficult to use. By the start of the 1990s, computers became cheaper and easier to use. Scientists had also developed software that made 'surfing' (浏览) the Internet more convenient. Today it is easy to get on-line (上网) and it is said that millions of people use the Internet everyday. Sending e-mail is more and more popular among students. The Internet has now become one of the most important parts of people's life. 判断下列句子是否符合短文内容, 符合的用“T”表示, 不符合的用 “F”

表示。 l. The Internet has a history of less than thirty years. T F

2. In the 1960s computer networks went wrong easily. T F

3. Computers become cheaper so that many hospitals and banks were allowed to use them. T F

4. People didn't have enough software to get on-line conveniently until the early 1990s. T 参考答案: 讲解: 1.第二段开头讲互联网是在 60 年代建立的,故至今历史已超过 30 年。 2.文中第二段阐明计算机网络工作状况不好(didn't work well)。 3.第三段中说明大学、医院等都被允许使用电脑,然而,计算机仍 然很贵,并且网络很难使用。 4.由第三段最后几句介绍可知,到 90 年代,计算机便宜且好用。科 学家也发展了软件使网上浏览更方便。而本题干用了 not…until 句型,译 为“直到 90 年代早期人们才有足够的软件上网”。 1.F F 2.T 3.F 4.T

阅读理解 3
Mr. and Mrs. Turner live outside a small town. They have a big farm and they are always busy working on it. Their son, Peter, studied at a middle school. The young man studied hard and did well in his lessons. It made them happy. Last month Peter finished middle school and passed the entrance examination (升学考试). Mrs. Turner was very happy and told the farmers about it. Yesterday morning the woman went to the town to buy something for her son. On the bus she told one of her friends how clever and able her son was. She spoke very loudly. All the people in the bus began to listen to her. “Which university (大学) will your son study in?” a woman next to her asked. “In the most famous university in our country!” Mrs. Turner said happily. “The most famous university?” “Oxford University (牛津).” Most of the passengers (乘客) looked at her carefully. Some of them said to her, “Congratulations!” A woman said, “I'm sure he'll know Fred Smith.” “Who's Fred Smith?” “He's my son.” “Does he study in the university, too?”

“No, ”said the woman. “He is one of the professors.” l. The story happened in ________. A. America B. France C. Germany D. England

2. Mr. and Mrs. Turner were happy because ________. A. their son did well in his lessons B. they have a big farm C. they have a good harvest D. their son studied at a middle school 3. Mrs. Turner wanted everyone to know ________. A. her son finished middle school B. her son was handsome C. her son was going to study in a university D. her son was very friendly to others 4. Mrs. Turner spoke so loudly in the bus that __________. A. her friend could hear her B. all the people could hear her C. she hoped to make all the people happy D. she hoped they would say congratulations to her 5. Which of the following is true? __________. A. The woman wasn't interested in Mrs. Turner's words B. Mrs. Turner knew nothing about the famous university C. The woman wanted to stop Mrs. Turner from showing off (炫耀)

D. The woman next to Mrs. Turner wanted to show off her son, too 参考答案 : 讲解: 1.因为牛津大学是英国的著名大学。 2.第一段最后一句讲“这使他们高兴”。“It”指代前一句讲的情况,即 他们的儿子功课很好。 3.根据第三段文意判断。 4.第三段最后一句讲“所有人都开始听她讲。”故 A 不对;她这样做 只是想炫耀一下而已。C、D 描述的意思都不确切。 5.文章前面做了铺垫,讲 Mrs.Turner 如何炫耀她儿子考上大学, 结尾讲那个妇女说自己的儿子是教授不论真假, 她是在阻止 Mrs. Turner 的 炫耀。 1.D 2.A 3.C 4.B 5.C

阅读理解 4
“Cool” is a word with many meanings. Its old meaning is used to express a temperature that is a little bit cold. As the world has changed, the word has had many different meanings. “Cool” can be used to express feelings of interest in almost anything. When you see a famous car in the street, maybe you will say “It's cool.”You may think, “He's so cool,” when you see your favourite footballer. We all maximize (扩大) the meaning of “cool”. You can use it instead of many words such as “new” or “surprising”. Here's an interesting story we can

use to show the way the word is used. A teacher asked her students to write about the waterfall (瀑布) they had visited. On one student's paper was just the one sentence, “It's so cool”. Maybe he thought it was the best way to show what he saw and felt. But the story also shows a scarcity (缺乏) of words. Without “cool”, some people have no words to show the same meaning. So it is quite important to keep some credibility (可信性). Can you think of many other words that make your life as colourful as the word “cool”? I can. And I think they are also very cool. 1. We know that the word “cool” has ________. A. only one meaning C. many different meanings B. no meanings D. the same meaning

2. In the passage, the word “express” means“________”. A. see B. show C. know D. feel

3. If you are ________ something, you may say, “It's cool.” A. interested in C. afraid of B. angry about D. unhappy with

4. The writer takes an example to show he is _________ the way the word is used. A. pleased with C. worried about B. strange to D. careful with

5. In the passage, the writer suggests ( 暗 示 ) that the word

“cool”_________. A. can be used instead of many words B. usually means something interesting C. can make your life colourful D. may not be as cool as it seems 参考答案 : 讲解: 1.见首句。 2. 由“express”前后词义关系可推断出是“表达”的意思, 与“show”同义。 3.由第二段首句可知。 4.由例子中的学生用 cool 一词概括出他的所有感受,知 cool 词义的 扩大会导致语言中词汇的缺乏,是令人担忧的。 5.结合第 4 题的答案可做出选择。 2. D 3. A 4. D 5. C 讲解: 1. 由短文最后一句“They had travelled 1,797 kilometres from London” 可知,最接近“for nearly 1,800 kilometres”,因此选 A。 2. 由短文第 2 段倒数第 3 句“So they were able to change its weight”可 知答案为 D。 3. 从第 3 段可以看出,越往上温度越低,因此应选 A。 4. 由短文最后一段倒数第 2 句“They came down in Poland...”可知答案 为 D。 5. 纵观全文可以看出答案 C 不正确。 参考答案 : 1. A 1.C 2.B 3.A 4.C 5.D

阅读理解 6
If you do not use your arms or your legs for some time, they become weak;

when you start using them again, they slowly become strong again. Everybody knows that. Yet many people do not seem to know that memory works in the same way. When someone says that he has a good memory, he really means that he keeps his memory in practice by using it. When someone else says that his memory is poor, he really means that he does not give it enough chance to become strong. If a friend says that his arms and legs are weak, we know that it is his own fault. But if he tells us that he has a poor memory, many of us think that his parents are to blame, and few of us know that it is just his own fault. Have you ever found that some people can' t read or write but usually they have better memories? This is because they cannot read or write and they have to remember things; they cannot write them down in a little notebook. They have to remember days, names, songs and stories; so their memory is the whole time being exercised. So if you want to have a good memory, learn from the people: practise remembering. 1. The main reason for one's poor memory is that his parents have poor memories. T F

2. If you don't use your arms or legs for some time, they will become strong.

T

F

3. A good memory comes from more practice. T F

4. Some people can't read or write, but they have better memories, because they have saved trouble. T F

5. The best title of this passage is “How to Have a Good Memory”. 参考答案: 讲解: 1. 文中没有此说法。 3. 第二段开头已说明。 5. 最后一段点题。 2. 从第一段可判断。 4. 第四段开头已说明。 1. F 2. F 3. T 4. F 5. T

阅读理解 7
A meteorite (陨石) almost hit an 80-year-old man named Arthur Pettifer in Britain when he was working in his garden. The meteorite was the biggest in the past 26 years in Britain. The meteorite weighed (重量) one kilo, and might be over four thousand million (百万) years old. “I hear the big noise in the air. I looked up and saw the tops of the trees coming and going,” he said. “I didn't know what it was.” Meteorites are small things from the small planets in space. About 3,500

meteorites may fall on earth every year, but only very few are found. Mr. Pettifer's meteorite is the fifth to fall in Britain since the Second World War. Mr. Pettifer is glad. “When you think about it coming from so far away, it really is something strange.” 1. The meteorite was ______ Mr Pettifer when it fell down. A. close to B. far from C. hitting D. coming to

2. The meteorite was already ______ years old. A. 40,000,000,000 C. 400,000,000 B. 40,000,000 D. 4,000,000,000

3. Mr. Pettifer found the tops of the trees coming and going because ______. A. the trees were afraid B. the fast falling meteorite kept the tree tops moving C. it was going to rain D. the moving was made by wind 4. ______ people see a meteorite fall although they visit the earth often each year. A. Quite a few B. some C. Few D. Many

5. Mr. Pettifer was ______ to see the falling of the meteorite. A. happy 参考答案 1. 从短文第 1 句看出陨石落下时几乎砸着 Mr Pettifer, 故答案应选 A。 B. afraid C. sorry D. angry

2. 由短文第 2 段中“…,and might be over four thousand million”4000 百万即 40 亿,故答案应是 D。 3. Mr Pettifer 发现树梢来回摇摆是因为下落的陨石使它来回动,故答 案选 B。 4. 由短文第 4 段“About 3,500 meteorites may fall on earth every year, but only very few are found.”一句可推断,答案选 C。 5. 由短文最后一段第 1 句“Mr Pettifer is glad ”可以看出,且 happy 与 glad 意思相近,故答案应选 A。

阅读理解 8
One of the things I always believe is that no matter how bad something is, you can take something positive out of it. The one time I wasn’t sure of that was on September 11. I usually wake up a 6:30 or 7:00 in the morning. That day, I happened to wake up earlier. I turned on the TV and I saw that a plane had crashed (撞击) into the North Tower of the World Trade Center. My first reaction ( 反应) was that it was a terrible accident. Then I saw another plane fly into the South Tower and I realized that I was witnessing (目击) an act of terrorism. My wife and I spent the day watching the terrible pictures over again. When I watched family members looking for their loved ones, the pain in their eyes was something I would never forget. I couldn’t understand how something this terrible could have happened.

It wasn’t until a few weeks after September 11 that I began to see that perhaps some good did come from this tragedy ( 悲剧). People seem different now, more understanding, more tolerant(宽容的). Little things that seemed to be such a trouble before are no longer big things. Personally, I am more tolerant than I was. I realize life is too short, and too precious( 珍贵的), to let myself get worried over small things. I’ve learned also that you can’t take things for granted. Things change in the blink of an eye. People g o to work and don’t come back. One moment they’re living and the next minute they’re not. And, it doesn’t matter who you are, there is nothing you can do about it. We never know when our time here every minute we have. You try to learn from what happened. You can’t be used up by it. You can’t live by it. All you can do is just live. 1. The word “positive” in the passage probably means ______. A. terrible B. bad C. good D. real will be over, so we all need to make the most of

2. What did the writer see after he turned on the TV that morning? A. A fire starting C. A terrible accident B. A plane flying D. An act of terrorism.

3. From September 11, the writer had realized that___________. A. people should make the most of every minute they have B. he has become less tolerant towards others C. he should get worried about little things

D. life is too short to care about others. 4. What’s the best title of this passage? A. A Report about September 11 B. The Tragedy of September 11 C. September 11 and My Family D. September 11 and My Turn. 参考答案 讲解: 1. C 见第一行,不管(no matter)事情多糟,总能发现有益的东西。 2. D 见第六行。 3. A 见倒数第三行。 So we all need to make the most of every minute we have. 4. D

阅读理解 9
阅读下列短文,并根据短文内容选出能完成短文题目的最佳答案。 Mrs. Weeks was reading a newspaper story to her class. The story said : Were you ever in a hospital when you were small? How did you feel? The doctors in Children’s Hospital are asking for money for children’s toys(玩具). Some children in the hospital must stay in bed for many weeks. Toys are needed to keep these sick(生病的)children happy and quiet. Money for them can be sent to the hospital.

After Mrs. Weeks read the story,she said,“This story gave me an idea.” “You want us to bring some money for the toys.” “We could bring some of our own toys for the children in the hospital.” said the boys and girls one after another. “Well ,your ideas would be nice ,” Mrs Weeks said , “but mine is different.” “We could make some toys.” shouted one of them. Mrs. Weeks smiled. “Do you think you could make toys?” she asked. “Yes, yes.” the whole class answered. “Great! Let’s begin to make toys tomorrow.” said Mrs. Weeks. On Saturday afternoon,Mrs. Weeks took children to the hospital with the toys made by her students. The children in the class felt happy,too. A few days later,Mrs. Weeks read another newspaper story to the class: Some school pupils brought toys to Children’s Hospital last week. The toys were made by the pupils of Grade Three in Green Street School. The doctor said, “We have never had so many wonderful toys. Our children are very happy with them. They say,‘THANK YOU,GRADE THREE.’” 1. What was the first newspaper story mainly(主要)about? A. Sick children in Children’s Hospital B. Doctors in Children’s Hospital. C. Mrs. Weeks and her students. D. Toys made by the boys and girls.

2. What “idea” did Mrs. Weeks have in mind? A. Ask the class to give some money to the children in the hospital. B. Ask the class to send some of their own toys to the children in the hospital. C. Let the class make some toys themselves and give them to the children in the hospital. D. Tell the class to go to see the children in the hospital. 3. Doctors in Children’s Hospital didn’t have ____ to keep the children happy and quiet. A. enough time C. get money to buy toys for B. enough boys and girls D. enough doctors

4. At first,the doctors in Children’s Hospital wanted to ____ the sick children. A. give some money to C. get money to buy toys for B. make some toys for D. borrow some toys for

5. What Mrs Weeks really wanted to do is to ____. A. let everyone know her class B. save some money for toys C. make herself famous D. teach the pupils to do things themselves and be helpful to others 参考答案: 讲解: 1. A 2. C 3. C 4. C 5. D

1. 根据第 1 段 newspaper story 的内容得知, 文章主要讲的是在儿童医 院生病住院的孩子,故答案为 A。 2. 从文中孩子们建议用钱买玩具或带自己的玩具去医院,而 “Mrs Weeks said,‘but mine is different.’”到有人提议“make some toys”时她微笑, 可判断答案为 C。 3. 纵观整个新闻内容可知没有足够的玩具供生病的孩子们玩, 故答案 为 C。 4. 由文中说医生“ask for money for children’s toys”得知玩具不够, 因此 本题答案选 C。 5. 从文章中可以看出 Mrs Weeks 的本意就是教学生学会关心爱护别 人,故答案 D 是正确的。

阅读理解 10
Once there lived an old man in a town. He always forgot a lot of things. So his wife always had to say to him,“Don't forget this.” One day he went on a long way alone. Before he left home,his wife said, “Now you have all these things. You need them on your way. Take care of your things on the way.”He went to the station. He bought a ticket and got on the train with it. About an hour later, the conductor began to see the tickets. He came to the old man and said,“Will you please show me your ticket?”The old man looked for his ticket in all his pockets but he could not find it. He was v ery worried. “I

can't find my ticket. I really bought a ticket before I got on the train ,”said the old man. “I think you are right. I believe you bought a ticket. All right ,you don't have to buy another ticket,”said the conductor kindly. But the old man still(仍 然) looked worried and said sadly,“You don't know why I'm worried. If I don't find my ticket,I can't remember my station. Where am I going? ” 1. The old man bought a ticket _______. A. after he got on the train B. before he got on the train C. when the conductor told him to buy one D. when he found he had no ticket with him 2. About an hour later,the conductor began _______. A. to buy the tickets B. to look for the tickets C. to check(检查) the tickets D. to show the tickets 3. The conductor told the old man that he didn't need to buy another ticket because _________. A. the man was very old B. he thought the old man had no money with him C. the old man showed him the ticket D. he believed the old man

4. The old man still looked worried because _________. A. he couldn't get on the train. B. he lost his ticket and a lot of money C. he thought his wife would get angry with him D. he forgot where he was going 5. Which of the following(下列) is right? A. The old man went on the trip with his wife B. The old man didn't find his ticket C. The conductor was also an old man D. The old man had to buy another ticket 参考答案 1. B 3. D 第二段最后一句话表明。 第四段第一行。 4. D 2. C 第三段第一句话表明。 5. B

最后一句话。

阅读理解 11
The best way of learning a language is using it. The best way of learning English is talking in English as much as possible. Sometimes you'll get your words mixed up(混合) and people will not understand you. Sometimes people will say things too quickly and you can' t understand them. But if you keep your sense of humor(幽默感),you can always have a good laugh at the mistakes you make. Don't be unhappy if people seem to be laughing at your mistakes. It's better for people to laugh at your mistakes than to be angry with

you,because they don't understand what you are saying. The most important thing for learning English is:“Don't be afraid of making mistakes because everyone makes mistakes.” 1. The writer thinks that the best way for you to learn a language is ____. A. writing C. using it B. listening D. learning grammar

2. What should you do in learning English? A. Be careful not to make any mistake. B. Write as quickly as you can. C. Laugh more often. D. Speak English as much as you can. 3. When people laugh at your mistakes,you should ____. A. not care C. feel worried B. be happy D. be unhappy

4. When you make a mistake,you should ____. A. keep quiet C. be kind 5. The story tells us:“_____”. A. Only foolish(愚蠢的) people make mistakes B. Few people make mistakes C. People never make mistakes D. There is no one who doesn't make mistakes B. keep your sense of humor D. get angry

参考答案: 讲解:

1. C

2. D

3. A

4. B

5. D

1. 第一句“The best way of learning a language is using it.” 2. 第二句“The best way of learning English is talking in English as much as possible.”。 3. 阅读全文可得此答案。 4. 阅读全文可得此答案。 5. 从最后一句 The most important thing for learning English is :“Don't be afraid of making mistakes because everyone makes mistakes.”可知。

阅读理解 12
Do you know what the White House is? Perhaps some of you do,while others don't. The White House is a house in Washington. The president of the U.S.A. lives in it. It's really white. But do you know why the White House is white? The story happened in 1812. That year England was at war with America. The British army got to Washington and set the president's house on fire. In 1814 , in order to hide the marks of the fire, the stone walls of the president's house were painted white and it has been the “White House”ever since. 1. White House is a house for ___________. A. the American people. C. the presidents of U.S.A. B. the soldiers of U.S.A. D. the patients of U.S.A.

2. England fought with America in ____________. A. 1810 C. 1814 B. 1812 D. 1916

3. The house is called “White House” because ____________. A. it's covered with snow B. the house is very clean C. the stone walls of the house were painted white D. they like white colour 4. The White House was painted white because ____________. A. the house is old B. the house is new

C. it was once on fire and was with marks D. they have enough paint 5. “ever since” means ___________. A. never 参考答案 1. C 2. B 3. C 第二段第二句。 参看第二段“The story happened in 1812.” 第二段提到: 战后为了掩盖火烧的痕迹, 所以把房子漆成白色。 B. once C. from then on D. before

“White House”也由此而来。 4. C 5. C 参看第三段的解释。 根据最后一句:从此它就成了“White House”。

阅读理解 13
There would be a school party on Friday evening. The girls were talking about what they were going to wear. “I'm going to wear a black dress, so everybody will notice(注意) me, ”said Emily. “How about you,Linda?” “I'm not sure. Maybe jeans(仔裤),an old shirt,and a hat. People will notice me more than you!” Linda said. “What are we going to do about the boys?”asked Jane. “Do you remember the last school party, last year? They just stood there, and we girls had to dance by ourselves!” “I hear that some of the boys learned how to dance this summer. Maybe it'll be better this time,”said Mary. The party was held on Friday evening. Groups of students arrived. The music began. The girls stood in a line on one side, and the boys on another side. Mr. Green,their teacher,tried to get them together,but failed. After a while, Tim said,“I don't want to stand here the whole time. The party is only for two hours. It'll be over soon.” He started to dance. All the others watched him. Then David asked Emily if she wanted to dance. Then Jack and Linda. Then , all began to dance. Soon there were more dancers than watchers. 1. On Friday evening there would be __________. A. a school party B. a school meeting

C. a sports meeting

D. a birthday party

2. The girls were talking about ___________. A. what the boys were going to wear at the party B. what they were going to wear at the party C. how to teach the boys to dance D. how to dance 3. What happened when the music began? A. David asked Emily to dance. B. Groups of students arrived. C. The boys and girls began to dance D. The girls stood on one side,and the boys on another side. 4. Who was the first one to dance? A. David 参考答案 1. A evening.” 2. B 的衣服。 3. D 最后一段提到:音乐响起来的时候,女孩子站在一边,而男孩 从文章开头和 Linda 的对话中得知她们在谈论晚会上她们要穿 细节题。第一句:“There would be a school party on Friday B. Jack C. Tim D. Jane

子站在另一边。 4. C 最后一段提到: After a while, Tim said, “I don't want to stand here

the whole time...” He started to dance,因此可知他是第一开始跳舞的人。

阅读理解 14
A man went to a fast-food restaurant to buy his lunch. “Hi, ”a worker said. “May I help you?” “I'd like a hamburger,large chips,and a Coke.” the man said. “Anything else?” the worker asked. “No.” the man answered. “That's it.” “Is that for here or to go?” the worker asked. “To go.” the man said. The worker put the man's lunch in a bag. The man took out his money and paid for his lunch. “Thank you.” the worker said,“Have a nice day.” The man took the bag and walked to a park. He sat down and opened the bag. He was surprised. There was no hamburger in the bag. There were no chips. There was no Coke. There was only money in the bag--a lot of money! The man counted the money. Two thousand dollars! Why was the money in the bag? Where was the man's lunch? The manager of the fast-food restaurant needed to go to the bank. He put two thousand dollars in an envelope(信封). He put the envelope in a bag and put the bag down. The worker gave the manager's bag to the man by mistake. So the manager had a hamburger,chips and a Coke,and the man had two thousand dollars. What should the man do?

1. The man went to a restaurant to ________. A. buy his lunch C. sell drinks B. have a rest D. cook food

2. The man wanted to have his lunch ________. A. in a hotel C. in a restaurant B. in a shop D. in a park

3. When the man opened the bag,he found ________ in it. A. food B. drink C. money D. nothing

4. _______ couldn't find his money. A. The man C. The worker 参考答案 1. A lunch.” 2. D to a park.” 3. C money!” 4. B 最后一段回答了这个问题。 细节题。 倒数第二段: “There was only money in the bag--a lot of 细节题。 倒数第二段第一句: “The man took the bag and walked 细节题。第一句“A man went to a fast-food restaurant to buy his B. The manager D. Nobody

阅读理解 15
Scientists are trying to make the deserts into good land again. They want

to bring water to the deserts,so people can live and grow food. They are learning a lot about the deserts. But more and more of the earth is becoming desert all the time. Scientists may not be able to change the deserts. People are doing bad things to the earth. Some places on the earth don't get much rain. But they still don't become desert. This is because some green plants are growing there. Small green plants and grass are very helpful to dry places. Plants don't let the hot sun make the earth even drier. Plants don't let the wind blow the earth away. When a little bit of rain falls, the plants hold the water. Without the plants, the land can become a desert much more easily. 1. Why can the land become a desert? A. Some places don't get much rain. B. Plants don't let the hot sun make the earth even drier. C. People don't keep the earth well. D. Scientists haven't learnt enough about the deserts. 2. Scientists ______ to make the deserts into good land again. A. carry water C. do nothing 3. Which is not true? A. The land never stops becoming desert. B. Scientists ask the people to live in the deserts and grow food there. C. People do bad things to the earth. B. grow food D. study a lot

D. Scientists may not be able to change the deserts. 4. Why are green plants and grass helpful? A. They can hold the water. B. They can stop the wind from blowing the earth away. C. They can keep the earth wet. D. All the above are right. 5. Which is the best title(题目) for the passage? A. The Desert Problem. B. People Make Deserts. C. Green Plants and Grass. D. The Desert,the Tree and the Water. 参考答案 1. C 3. B 5. A (第一段说明。 ) (文中无此观点。 ) 2. D 4. D (文中第一句。 ) (文中有说明。 )

(全文谈论沙漠化问题。 )

阅读理解 16
Here is a page from a magazine named Future. Read the following information about things that may happen in ten years. And then do the exercise below. GET READY FOR THE FUTURE A.

Cars will run on solar power(太阳能) or electricity and will be much cleaner. They will be much safer. For example, if you are too close to another car or if you are driving dangerously, your car will slow down by itself. B. Because there won't be any spare land, new cities will have to be built in the sea. Some cities on water will have two levels(层). People will live on the upper level; the lower level will be used for traffic, shops and factories. C. Biotechnology(生物技术) will make food better and healthier. Plants that are not affected(影响) by insects or illnesses will be developed. The taste of fruit and vegetables will be better and food will be kept longer. D. New technology will be used to make TVs that are only 5cm thick. They will have pictures that are as clear as photos. Electrical appliances( 家用电器 ) will be quieter and will be controlled by computer; they will also use 50% less power. E. Many new ways to cure illnesses will be successful using

products of genetic engineering(基因产品). Cures will be found for the flu and the common cold. However, some new illnesses will appear. 1. Cars using solar power or electricity will cause fewer accidents and less pollution. T F

2. People will be able to live in the new cities in the sea. T F

3. Biotechnology will help divide food into two groups: better food and healthier food. T F

4. Electrical appliances will save 50% of power because they are controlled by computer. T F

5. Genetic engineering can help doctors to cure illnesses. T F

6. The information above is about the history of the development of modern science. T 参考答案 1. T 2. T 由 A 段中 cleaner 和 safer 可知。 由 B 段可知。 F

3. F 4. F 5. T 6. F

由 C 段第一句可知。 they are controlled by computer 不是“省电”的原因。 由 E 段第一句可知。 由开头 Read the following information about things that may

happen in ten years.可知。

阅读理解 17
A strange thing happens to nearly everybody at night. They turn off the lights, pull up the covers and close their eyes. Six or seven sleeping hours later, they wake up again. Strange,isn't it? Sleep puzzles science. Scientists and doctors would rather talk about why one can't fall asleep. They are not sure what causes sleep. The best conditions for sleep are good health and meals neither too big nor too small. No worries and a comfortable place are important,too. They advise against two in bed. Strange things happen during sleep. For example,they move often. You would feel tired if you didn't. You also dream. Part of your brain is still awake when you dream. Dreaming happens when the memory and imagination in parts of your brain are still awake. Experiments have shown most of us dream in color. Bad dreams may be caused by stomachache. Don't worry if you dream. Some great stories and poems were begun while their writers slept. 1. Sleep puzzles scientists because they are not certain ___________.

A. why one can't fall asleep C. both A and B

B. why one wakes up D. what causes sleep

2. The best conditions for sleep are ___________. A. good health B. a meal neither too big nor too small C. no worries D. good health,limited meal,no worries and a good place 3. You would feel tired during sleep if you ___________. A. moved too often C. didn't move B. slept on your back D. went to sleep late

4. The best title for the passage is ___________. A. How can You Get a Good Sleep B. The Strangeness of Sleep C. What Happens During Sleep D. The Causes of Dream 参考答案 1. D 2. D 参见第二段第三句“They are not sure what causes sleep.” 第二段后半部分作了说明:“The best conditions for sleep are

good health and meals neither too big nor too small. No worries and a comfortable place are important,too.” 3. C 4. B 参见第三段第三句“You would feel tired if you didn't.” 文章贯穿始终,第二段第一句已指出:“Sleep puzzles science.”

阅读理解 18
The aim(目的) of students who came to school is to study. But to study requires(需要) a right way,or you waste either the time or the money. The following are the ways of studying. The best time for reading is morning,because in the morning,the air is fresh and the mind is clear. For that reason,we can get good result(结果). In studying we must have patience(耐心). If we have not known a text well,we must read it again. We should not read the next one till we have learned the first one. When we are studying, we must put our hearts into the book, or we can get nothing from the book while we are reading. We must always ask “whys”. If it is not well understood, write it down and ask our teachers or our parents, or friends. In any possible way, we must know it completely and what we've learned can be used well and made better. Though there are many ways for studying,yet the above mentioned(提到 的) will be quite enough if we can keep them in heart and do so. 1. The passage tells us ______. A. the importance of reading B. to read in the morning C. to pay attention to the ways of studying D. to have patience in studying

2. The passage has taught us ______ ways for studying. A. three B. four C. five D. many

3. We'd better read in the morning because ______. A. it's easy to remember what we have learned B. the air is fresh and the mind is clear C. it's difficult to get good results D. both A and B. 4. If we can't put our hearts into the book when we read,it is ______. A. easy to understand it well B. better to get something from it C. impossible for us to get something from it D. possible to learn something from it 5. In studying we must always ask “whys”in order to ______. A. understand the book well B. write down the questions C. do with the new words D. get some questions to ask our teachers 参考答案 1. C A、B、D 选项谈到了文章的局部,这篇文章指了要注意学习

的方法,故选 C。 2. B 3. B 第二段至第五段分别介绍了学习的方法。 细节题。阅读第二段可得此答案。

4. C

从第四段可知:学习时要用心去学,否则什么也学不到。所以

C 项符合题意。 5. A 在学习中多问几个“whys”当然是为了更多地了解所学的内容。

阅读理解 19
In 26th January,the biggest earthquake(地震) in India took the lives of 25,000 people. In the morning,when everybody was enjoying holiday, earthquake began. It was about 7.5 on the Ritcher scale. “There is nothing left between the sky and the earth any more. Everything has been pulled down,”said one of the villagers alive. “There is no water,no food and no one has come to help.” Nobody died in Pakistan,a country next to India. The City of Lahore was lucky. In Lahore American School,where I was studying,all of the students were safe. They were on the field,so most children didn't feel anything. The earthquake was felt by the teachers that were on the second floor. However , though Mrs. Young was also on the second floor,she didn't feel anything. She didn't know what happened until a teacher told her about it. Those teachers who were on the other floors had different feelings. Mr. Emend,the maths teacher from Australia,said that when the earthquake started he thought there was something wrong with him,but then another teacher said that it was an earthquake. After those words Mr. Emend felt better. Mrs. Davis and Mr. Frost didn't feel anything either.

My mother didn't feel anything. She didn't even know that it was an earthquake till she saw a shaking (moving from side to side) light. My dad saw the computer shaking and then he looked out of the window and saw many people going out. 1. People use “Ritcher scale” to tell _________. A. where the earthquake takes place B. when the earthquake takes place C. how serious the earthquake is D. how long the earthquake lasts 2. We learn that ____ from the sentence “There is nothing left between the sky and the earth any more.” A. India is a large country B. the Indian people had nothing after the earthquake C. there is no tall building in India D. the earthquake in India was serious 3. The City of Lahore is _______. A. in India C. in Pakistan 4. Which is true? A. I was with my parents when the earthquake happened. B. The earthquake in the city of Lahore wasn't serious. C. People in the City of Lahore were frightened when they knew it B. in America D. in Australia

was an earthquake. D. The teachers in Lahore American School were afraid of the earthquake. 参考答案 1. C 第二句:“It was about 7.5 on the Ritcher scale.”可知用 Ritcher scale 来表示地震的程度。 2. B “There is nothing left between the sky and the earth any more.” 说

明地震毁灭了他们所有的一切。 3. C 细节题。第二段第一、二句。 4. B 阅读第二段可知该地区的地震并没有引起伤亡。

阅读理解 20
“I don't like my parents. They always tell me I should do this, and should not do that. It sometimes makes me angry,” said Zhang Hua,a middle school student in Guangzhou. Do you have the same problem? Perhaps your parents had the same problem when they were your age long ago. Why does it seem that some parents are not so friendly in their children's eyes? One of the biggest things is when someone becomes a parent ,he/she likes worrying things. They worry about everything about you ,from the time you were born. They do a lot for you,though something would make you angry, because they care about you and worry about you. They worry about your choice of friends,the food you eat,your work at school,how much sleep you

get,etc. All these things are part of your life. They want you to grow up healthily and happily. So how can you make things easier on yourself? It's easier than you think. Just make sure your parents know what you're doing. Get them to know your friends. Phone if you stay somewhere else so that your parents don't call every hospital in the phone book looking for your body. Say sorry to them when you make mistakes. Take responsibility(责任) for what you have done. Talk about your ideas with them. They may talk about theirs with you. Most of all,try to think about why your parents do this or do that. They are still practising being parents and need help you can give them. Someday, when you become a parent,they may be able to help you how to get on with your children. 1. The writer thinks we should _____ if we go back home later than usual. A. tell our friends C. say sorry to our parents D. make a telephone call to our parents 2. The writer thinks _____. A. it's wrong of parents to worry about their children too much B. some parents are unfriendly, which makes their children angry C. children should do everything as their parents say D. parents love their children very much and the children should understand them B. tell the teacher

3. Which is the best title for the passage? A. Parents' Responsibility B. How to Get on with Parents? C. Zhang Hua's Problem D. What Are Parents Worrying about? 参考答案 1. D 细节题。第三段提到:如果你在外的话,打电话给你父母,不 要让你父母打电话找你。 2. D 作者的观点:父母正因为爱孩子们,才会如此关心他们,因此 孩子们要理解父母。 3. B 阅读全文可得此答案。


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