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大学英语四级作文


一、

历年真题作文话题 1)网上购物成为时尚 2)网购的好处与问题 3)我的建议

2011 年 6 月

2010 年 12 月 1)不少父母为孩子包办一切 2)为了让孩子独立,父母应该…… 2010 年 6 月 1) 英语学习中不重视拼写 2) 原因分析 3) 为改变现状, 我认为……

2009 年 12 月 1)建设绿色校园 2)绿色校园的含义 3)如何建设绿色校园 2009 年 6 月 1)博物馆免费开放 2)引发的问题 3)我的观点

2008 年 12 月 1)一次性塑料袋广泛使用 2)引发的问题 3)限制使用的意义 2008 年 6 月 1)娱乐活动多种多样 2)优缺点分析 3)我的观点

2007 年 12 月 1)开设多种选修课 2)学生出于各种原因选择课程 3)以我为例 2007 年 6 月 1)社团主要活动内容 2)社团的好处 3)如何加入 (宣传介绍)

2006 年 12 月 1)春节联欢晚会 2006 年 6 月 缺点分析 1)允许学生自主选择任课老师 2)选择教师时考虑的因素 3)优

2005 年 12 月 1)名校校园成为旅游热点 2)是否应对外开放 3)我认为 2005 年 6 月 1)向老师表达节日祝福 2)回忆往事 3)如何回报老师的关爱(记 叙文) 2004 年 12 月 1)胜任学生会主席一职的能力分析 2)如果当选,将为本校同学 做什么 (演说辞)

二、写作类型 1、说明文:主要包括现象解释和问题解决两种类型。 、说明文:主要包括现象解释和问题解决两种类型。 2、议论文:主要包括对比选择和观点论证两种类型。 、议论文:主要包括对比选择和观点论证两种类型。 3、记叙文:主要是叙述一件事情的经过并谈谈由此引发的感想,如 、记叙文:主要是叙述一件事情的经过并谈谈由此引发的感想, 车祸、生病等。 车祸、生病等。 4、应用文:以信函为主,包括建议信、拒绝信、投诉信等,另外偶 、应用文:以信函为主,包括建议信、拒绝信、投诉信等, 尔也会涉及到倡议书、演说辞等。 尔也会涉及到倡议书、演说辞等。

三、评分标准 1、写作占 15%,标准分满分为 106.5。 先按满分 15 计算,最 、 计算, , 。 后,再换算成标准分。评分标准分五个等级:2、5、8、11、 再换算成标准分。评分标准分五个等级: 、 、 、 、 等级 14 分 2、评分标准:内容切题、表达清楚、文字连贯、句式多变、语 、评分标准:内容切题、表达清楚、文字连贯、句式多变、 言规范。 言规范。 四、考生自我检查: 考生自我检查: 1、拼写错误。看似小事,但事关重大。 、拼写错误。看似小事,但事关重大。 2、语法错误。应特别注意时态、语态、单复数、主谓一致、标点 、语法错误。应特别注意时态、语态、单复数、主谓一致、 符号等基础语法方面的错误。 符号等基础语法方面的错误。 3、句子结构不完整。考生在写复杂句子时,可能会因为太注重意 、句子结构不完整。考生在写复杂句子时, 思的表达而忽略句子结构的完整性。通过检查以避免。 思的表达而忽略句子结构的完整性。通过检查以避免。 五、大学英语四级作文:12 句作文法 大学英语四级作文: (一)现象解释型 现象解释型作文通常要求考生从试题的提示性文字、 现象解释型作文通常要求考生从试题的提示性文字、图表或图画入 手,描述它们反映出的现象,对该现象进行解释说明,分析其原因、 描述它们反映出的现象,对该现象进行解释说明,分析其原因、 象进行解释说明 影响、前景等并加以评论。 影响、前景等并加以评论。 基本结构:首先描述现象并说明其现状,然后分析这种现象的原因、 基本结构:首先描述现象并说明其现状,然后分析这种现象的原因、 描述现象并说明其现状 分析这种现象的原因 相关因素或带来的影响;最后对现象做出评论或提出意见。 相关因素或带来的影响;最后对现象做出评论或提出意见。 对现象做出评论或提出意见 The Celebration of Western Festivals 1) 现在国内有不少人喜欢过西方的某些节日 2) 产生这种现象的原因 3) 这各现象可能带来的影响

Topic 描述现象段: 描述现象段: 1) Nowadays / In recent years / In modern society, 总述 )

(, 现象 which has (have) been brought into focus / has (have) aroused great concern.)2) 现象表现或变化。3) Moreover ) 现象表现或变化。 ) / In addition,进一步描述现象表现或变化。 ) 进一步描述现象表现或变化。 The reasons for 进一步描述现象表现或变化 4) this phenomenon are varied. / There are many factors contributing to 该现象或其相关情况。 该现象或其相关情况。 1) Nowadays, an increasing number of Chinese people are fond of celebrating some Western festivals. 2) For example, they send chocolate and flowers to their beloved on Valentine’s Day. 3) In addition, they make fool of others as what westerners do on April Fool’s Day. 4) There are many factors contributing to this phenomenon. 现象描述段 说明原因/因素段: 说明原因 因素段: 因素段 5)Among all these reasons / factors, 原因一 因素一 原因一/因素一 ) play (plays) a critical role. 6) 进一步说明原因一 因素一。 进一步说明原因一/因素一 因素一。 7)Moreover / Furthermore / What’s more, 原因二 因素二。 原因二/因素二 因素二。 ) 8)Besides, ao ni 原因三 因素三。 原因三/因素三 因素三。 ) 5) Among all these factors, language learning plays a critical role. 6) More youths are exposed to western culture and festivals through learning English. 7) Moreover, some Western festivals offer people an opportunity to enjoy the relaxing and comfortable atmosphere, which attracts a large number of Chinese people. 8) Besides, many businessmen view foreign festivals as golden opportunities to make money, so they may try desperately to boost the atmosphere of foreign festivals. 说明原因段 阐述观点段/说明影响段 说明问题段 阐述观点段 说明影响段/说明问题段 说明影响段 9) In my opinion / As for me, “我”的态度 相关情况或 的态度/相关情况或

是现象将来的趋势、可能带来的(好的或坏的) 是现象将来的趋势、可能带来的(好的或坏的)影响或存在 的问题。 ) 理由一/影响 的问题。10)For one thing / On the one hand, 理由一 影响 问题一。 ) (However,) For another / On the other hand, 一/问题一。 11) 问题一 理由二/影响二 问题二。 ) 影响二/问题二 理由二 影响二 问题二。12)To conclude / Therefore, 总结 全文(经常是提出建议或期望) 全文(经常是提出建议或期望) 。 9)In my opinion, Chinese people celebrating Western ) festivals has both advantages and disadvantages. 10) On the one hand, by celebrating Western festivals, people have more opportunities to show their affection to others and to get together. 11) However, on the other hand, our own home-grown festivals’ crucial roles may be weakened to some extent. 12) Therefore, we must keep a balance between the Western festivals and our traditional festivals. 说明影响 段。 现象解释型常用句式
1. Recently, the problem of … has become the focus of the public concern. 近来,……问题引起公众极大的关注。 近来,……问题引起公众极大的关注。 问题引起公众极大的关注 2. There may be a combination of factors which contribute to / are responsible for..可能有好几个因素造成 负责…… 可能有好几个因素造成/负责 可能有好几个因素造成 负责…… 3. There may be several possible reasons for the problem which will be demonstrated below. 可能有几个原因导致了我们下面所在阐 述的问题 4. Among all the important reasons for..,., one should be emphasized. That is…在……所有重要的原因中,我们应当重点关注…… 所有重要的原因中, 在……所有重要的原因中 我们应当重点关注…… 5. It is commonly believed that…is the inevitable result of…人们普 人们普 遍认为,……是……的必然结果。 遍认为,……是……的必然结果。 的必然结果 6. With the rhythm / pace of people’s living speeding up, a lot of changes have taken place in…随着人们生活节奏的加快,……发 随着人们生活节奏的加快,……发 随着人们生活节奏的加快 生了很多变化。 生了很多变化。

7. From what has been discussed above, we may safely draw the conclusion that……从以上所讨论的我们可以总结出…… ……从以上所讨论的我们可以总结出 ……从以上所讨论的我们可以总结出…… 8. It will have profound / far-reaching/ beneficial / undesirable / disastrous effect (influence) on… 它将会对……产生深远的/有益的 不良的/灾难性的影响 它将会对……产生深远的 有益的 不良的 灾难性的影响。 ……产生深远的 有益的/不良的 灾难性的影响。 9. It is high time that we put an end to…该是我们停止……的时候 该是我们停止……的时候 该是我们停止…… 了。

(二)对比选择论证
要求从正反两方面 正反两方面对某一事物加以论述。这类议论文有其固定的模 正反两方面 两种完全对立的观点, 式,如就某一事物或现象给出两种完全对立的观点 然后再摆出自己 两种完全对立的观点 摆出自己 的看法;或是先说明某一事物的重要性,积极因素,然后再说明该事 某一事物的重要性,积极因素 的看法 某一事物的重要性 事 物的危害性、消极因素 物的危害性、消极因素等。 Spring Festival Gala on CCTV (1) 许多人喜欢在除夕夜观看春节联欢晚会 (2) 有些人却提出取消春节联欢晚会 (3) 在我看来…… Topic 1)When it comes to …, different people hold different views . 两种观点 的争论焦点 2) Some contend that… . 观点一 3) For one thing, . 观 点一的理由 1 4) For another, .观点二的理由 2

5) In spite of all these claims/By contrast, others maintain that 与观点一 对立的观点二 6) They point out that . 观点二的理由 1 7) Another instance often cited is that . 观点二的理由 2 8) It’s no easy task to find a satisfactory answer to the issue. 小结论 9) As for me, weighing up the arguments on both sides, I'm inclined to 引入自己的观点 10) On the one hand. 理由一/建议一 11) On the

other hand 理由二/建议二 12) To sum up 个人的结论 When it comes to the Spring Festival Gala,there has been a heated discussion among the general public in our society (争论点). People who believe in its necessity(观点一) contend that the Spring Festival Gala performed on CCTV on New Year’s Eve presenting grand sight and sound (理由一) has already been considered as an indispensable custom by many Chinese people(理由二). By contrast, others maintain that the 4-hour show is gradually losing its appeal and should be cancelled(观点二). The past two decades has witnessed a steady decrease in the number of people watching the Spring Festival Gala from 943,500,000 to 728,500,000(理由一). With the roaring development of economy, various mass media come out like bamboo shoots after spring rain, making it increasingly difficult to cater to all tastes(理由二). As far as I am concerned, I prefer the program to stay(我的观点). Served as an occasion for families to get together, the Spring Festival Gala is a tradition and treasure of the Chinese people(理由一). To increase its appeal and meet young adults' need, the upcoming performance should invite some big names including super stars from Hong Kong and Taiwan(建议一). We are all eagerly anticipating this unforgettable evening show(结论).

常用精彩句型: 常用精彩句型:
对比不同观点 1. When it comes to…, people's ideas / views / opinions vary from person to person / from one to another. 2. There is no consensus of opinions / there are some controversies / there is no agreement among people as to do…; 3. Whenever people…, they will come across the problem of whether they should … or …, and it is natural for different opinions to arise.

4. The general public has been debating whether or not… 5. There is a public debate / discussion / controversy today / nowadays on / about / over the problem / issue of... Those who criticize / oppose / object to ... contend / argue that…. They believe that ... But people who advocate / favor ..., on the other hand, maintain/ assert that ... 6. Some people advocate that… Others holed the opposite opinion / adopt a totally different view / take an opposite side. They believe… 7. When it comes to ..., some people think / believe that ... Others argue / claim that the opposite / reverse is true. There is probably some truth in both arguments / statements, but ... 在两种对立的观点中选择其中一种 1. Were it left to me to decide whether we should…, I should not hesitate a moment to prefer the latter. (虚拟语气倒装,were 提至句首) 2. As far as I am concerned, the former / latter notion is preferable / holds more weight. 3. As for me, I agree to / prefer the former / latter idea. There are dozens of reasons behind my belief. First of all… 4. Weighing up the arguments on both sides, I'm inclined to believe that… 5. From my perspective / point of view, I think that… 6. Personally speaking, I approve of… 7. From what I have discussed above, I can draw the conclusion that… (三) 、辩论式议论文 模版 1 Some people believe (argue, recognize, think) that 观点 1. But other people take an opposite side. They firmly believe that 观点 2. As for me, I agree to the former/latter idea. There are a dozen of reasons behind my belief. First of all, 论据 1. More importantly, 论据 2. Most important of all, 论据 3.

In summary, 总结观点. As a college student, I am supposed to 表决 心. 或 From above, we can predict that 预测. 模版 2 There is no consensus of opinions among people about X(争论的焦 点) 。Some people are of the view that 观点 1,while others take an opposite side, firmly believing that 观点 2。 far as I am concerned, the As former/latter notion (观念) is preferable in many senses. The reasons are obvious. First of all, 论据 1。 Furthermore, 论据 2。 Among all of the supporting evidences, one is the strongest. That is, 论据 3。 A natural conclusion from the above discussion is that 总结观点。 As a college student, I am supposed to 表决心. 或 From above, we can predict that 预测 六、高分词汇和短语 我们在表达一些熟悉的意义时, 经常习惯于使用一些大家都能想 到的表达, 其实我们可以用一些意义相近但是用词或结构出色的词或 短语来表达,这样文章才会有新意、有吸引力。 (一)高分词汇 1.Increasing/ growing 逐渐的,越来越……(“more and more”) 2.thought-provoking 发人深省的 (deep) 3.be inclined to 倾向于,往往 (always) 4.prevalent 流行的 (popular) 5.witness 目击 (see) 6.convey 传达,告诉 (tell) 7.overjoyed 狂喜的 (glad) 8.triumphant 胜利的,成功的 (successful) 9.Abundant/ adequate 丰富的,充裕的 (enough & much)

10.Apparent/obvious 显然的 (clear) 11.vigorously 巨大地,有力地 (greatly) 12.advantageous 有利的 (good) 13.rocket 急速上升 (increase) 14.deteriorate 恶化 (worsen) 15.trigger 引发 (cause) (二)高分短语 二 高分短语 1.a boom 迅速增长 (rapid development) 2.a great variety of 各种各样的 (all kinds of) 3.alleviate the pressure 缓解压力(alleviate 比 reduce 准确) 4.Be + adj.= be of great/vital + n. 如:be of great importance(be important) 5.be most happy to 非常乐意(would like to;be glad to;be willing to) 6.make remarkable achievements 取得非凡的成就 (great) 7.strike a balance between…and…在……和……之间保持平衡 (keep) 8.Superior to 优于(better than)/ inferior to 9.take advantage of 利用(use) 10.be in a dilemma 左右为难(don't know how to make the choice) 11.be in unfavorable situations 处于困境中(be in trouble) 12.dedicate/devote/commit oneself to sth.致力于,尽努力去做(try one's best to) 13. competent in/be capable of 有能力, be 能胜任 (优于 be good at) 14.be confronted with 面临,面对 (be faced with) 15.meet one's Waterloo 惨败,失败(be defeated) P.S. 首句常用词汇 sharp 急剧的,猛烈的 witness 目击,看见,经历 conduct 进行,执行 steady 稳定的,持续的

decade survey

10 年期 调查 根据

slight carry out

轻微的,微不足道的 执行,进行

a proportion of 比例

according to

1.(According to a recent survey conducted by CCTV/China Daily), the past decade/5 years has witnessed a sharp/steady increase/ / / / decrease in.. ..(from.. .. . ..)to. . .
例 1. (2008. 6)According to a recent survey conducted by CCTV, past the

decade has witnessed a sharp increase in the kind of recreational activities nowadays people take up to an astonishing number of 2,490,ranging from horse riding to Kara OK,from Internet games to skating.
根据最近 CCIV 所做的调查,过去几十年见证了娱乐活动种类的急速增长,其种 类达到惊人的 2490 种,从骑马到卡拉 OK,从电脑游戏到滑板,应有尽有。 2.(Take.. an example);the past 5 years has witnessed a sharp ..as . ;

. /steady increase/decrease in.. / ..(from.. .. . ..)to. .
例 1.(2006.1)Take Qinghua University as an example;the past 5 years has witnessed a steady number of 4, 360, people visiting the famous university every 000 year.以清华大学为例,过去的五年里,每年多达 436 万人观光该校。 3.According to a recent survey conducted by CCTV/China Daily/ . / /

School Union, high/slight proportion of.. high as 86. /8. a 5/ . 37 , / . as . . percent.. . .
例 1.(2007.6)According to a recent survey conducted by School Union,

a high proportion of students as high as 86.5 percent admit that they practice and improve their English in our activities in a relaxed and comfortable way.根据最近学生会进行的一项调查显示,高达 86.5%的学生
承认,参加社团活动能让他们以轻松愉悦的方式练习并提高英语。 七、连接词

连接在保持文章的连贯性方面发挥着重要作用, 下面就简单地列举常见的连 接词,以供构建框架时使用。 1.表示举例的连接词 .

for example,for instance,such as,take..for example,take..as an . . illustration, illustrate, namely, in other words, is, to that especially, in particular
2.表示列举的连接词 .

first(1y), second(1y), third(1y); begin with; one thing, for another; to for on the one hand, the other hand; the first place, the second place On in in
3.表示递进关系的连接词 .

moreover, furthermore, what's more, addition, in besides, also, next, and
4.表示因果关系的连接词 .

so, consequently, a result, as since, therefore, accordingly, because(of), thanks to,due to,owing to,for this reason,hence,thus, on account of, on that account, on the grounds of, therefore
5.表示总结和结论的连接词 .

in general,generally speaking,in fact,in effect,at last,finally, in a word, conclusion, in short, in brief, on the whole, all in all, in in summary, as a general whole, to sum up, to conclude, in my opinion,as for as l am concerned,in my view,in my viewpoint,as for me, to some extent,in a way
6.表示条件的连接词 .

if,provided,provided that,granted that,unless, to be sure
7.表示让步的连接词 .

although,even though,even if,however,nevertheless,yet,in spite

of,despite,admittedly,after a11,still
8.表示对比转折关系的连接词 .

but,however,otherwise,in contrast,by contrast,on the contrary, similarly,likewise,like,conversely,rather than,instead,on the other hand,equally(important),nevertheless,yet,unlike,still,in the same way,compared with,compared to
9.表示时间顺序的连接词 .

at the present time,at the same time,presently,soon,beforehand,in due time,at this point,until now,later,meanwhile,once,afterwards, at times, sooner or later, to the present time, up then, during, eventually, at last,finally,currently
10.表示空间顺序的连接词 .

nearby,opposite to,to the left/right,in the middle,adjacent to 毗连 的,next to,across,alongside,in front of,at this point
11.表示强调的连接词 .

anyway,especially,even worse,particularly,obviously,above a11, no doubt, indeed, needless to say, to be sure, surely, more often than not, unquestionably, fact, a matter of fact, in as actually, most important of a11,after a

八、应用文功能词汇 应用文类别 感谢信 道歉信 功能词句 Extend my sincere thanks to.. am sincerely/extremely grateful .;I to you for.; It is generous/nice/ kind/good of you to.. . . Express my deepest apology to.;1 would like to apologize for the . inconvenience l have caused you.. hope you will accept my .;I . sincere apologies;I must apologize for..

申请信 咨询信

祝贺信

投诉信 求职信

推荐信

演讲 通知/告示 应用文通用

I’d like to apply for….; am particularly interested in.....; am writing I I to you in the hope that l may obtain an opportunity to.. . We would appreciate some information from you about...; I'd like to know if.../have some information about...; I wonder / am wondering if you could / would let me know... It was delightful news for me to learn of...; Warm / Sincere / Hearty congratulations; I was delighted to learn of your success/achievement in...; Congratulations and all best wishes for an even more prosperous future! I am writing to complain about ...; I must protest against.../complain about...; I was extremely disappointed with ... I am applying for / writing to apply for the vacancy / job / post / position of...; I would like to apply for / to be considered as a candidate for the job / post / position advertised in... It is my pleasure / privilege to recommend to you...; I have no hesitation in recommending sb. to you...; I recommend sb. without reservation... I'm very glad to have the chance to...; I sincerely hope you will give me a chance...; It is a great honor and pleasure to... There will be... in...; It has been decided by ... that ...; Welcome to ... I am writing to...; I’m writing in reply to...

九、校园生活话题和社会热点话题及主题词汇 校园生活话题和社会热点话题及 (一) 社会热点话题 话题 话题相关词及短语 run the red light 闯红灯 rush hour 交通高峰期 subway 地铁 traffic jam 交通堵塞 pavement;sidewalk 人行道 drive after drinking 酒后驾驶 astronaut 航天员 launch a satellite 发射卫星 spacecraft 宁宙飞船 space exploration 宇宙探索 to log on the Internet 上网 website 网站 virtual reality 虚拟现实 web addiction 沉溺于网络 surf the Internet 网上冲浪 online shopping 网上购物

Traffic jam

Shenzhou VII spacecraft

Internet

tourism

environmental protection

food quality

credit

donation

online education 网络教育 Exploit tourist resources 开发旅游资源 Fast developed tourism 快速发展的旅游业 guide book 旅游指南 home (overseas) journey 国内(外)旅游 natural scenery 自然风光 places of interest 名胜古迹 conserve natural habitats 保护生存环境 environmental awareness 环保意识 environmental degradation 环境恶化 global warming 全球变暖 white pollution 白色污染 disruption of ecological balance 生态失衡 health-care food 保健食品 dairy products 牛奶产品 packaged foods 包装食品 credit crisis 信用危机 improve people's sense of credit 提高人们的信用意识 establish strict laws 建立严格的法律 provide relief to disaster-stricken areas (people)支援灾区(灾 民),救灾 carry forward the fine traditions 发扬优良传统 earthquake 地震

(二)校园生活话题 二 校园生活话题 话题 living on or off campus 话题相关词及短语 protect privacy 保护隐私 individual development 个人发展 good academic atmosphere 良好的学术氛围 a harmonious dormitory environment 和谐的宿舍生活 go abroad for further study 出国深造 higher education 高等教育 obtain the first grade scholarship 获一等奖学金 academic activities 学术活动 work-study program 勤工俭学 the craze for graduate school 考研热 take part in the entrance exams for postgraduate schools 考研 guidelines for education 教育方针 education background 学历 diploma 毕业证书 bachelor's (master's,doctor's)degree 学士(硕士、博士)学位 improve the sense of applying knowledge to the

study abroad

postgraduate

social practice

solution to practical problem 提高将理论应用到 实践的意识 have a better understanding of the specific aim of their study 对学习的目标有很好的理解


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