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强调句、省略句、倒装句温


强调句、省略句、倒装句
一、强调句
1.被强调的代词格应与原句一致;被强调的部分如果 是原句的主语,who (that)后的谓语在人称和数上应 与原句的主语一致。 It is Zhang Yimou that (who) stars the film Curse of the Golden Flower . 是张艺谋导演的《满城尽带黄金甲》这部影片。 It is not only blind men who make such stupid mistakes.不仅是盲人才会犯这种愚蠢的错误。 2.如果原句是一般疑问句,强调结构用 “Be+it...that (who)...?”形式;如果原句是特殊疑 问句,则用“特殊疑问词+be+it...that (who)...?”形

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When was it that the Iraq War broke out? 伊拉克战争是何时爆发的? Was it in 1933 that the Second World War broke out? 第二次世界大战是在1933年爆发的吗? 3.原因状语从句中只有because引导的从句可以被强调。 It was because her mother was ill that she didn’t come to school yesterday. 是因为她妈妈病了她昨天才没来上学的。

4.如果原句中含有“not...until”,在强调时间状 语时,将主句中的否定词not连同状语一起提前。
It was not until she took off her dark glasses that I realized she was a famous film star. 直到她摘下墨镜,我才认出她是一位著名的电影明星。

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5.被强调部分句子可能较长或有一个以上的强 调成分,对此就应注意识别、应用。
It was she who was lying in the corridor and the stranger who bent over her. 是她躺在过道上,是那个陌生人俯视她。(此句有 两个被强调部分:一个是she,一个是the stranger)注 意:It is/was ...that ... 结构不能强调谓语,如果 需要强调谓语时,用助动词do,did或does+动词原形, 且只限于祈使句和肯定的陈述句。

Do be careful when crossing the street. 过马路时一定要当心。 Mike does enjoy playing football. 迈克确实喜欢踢足球。

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1、是做工作的能力而不是你来自哪里或者你是什么重要。 It is the ability to do the job that matters not where you come from or what you are. 2、他们究竟是怎么样在如此短的时间完成工作? How was it that they managed to finish the work in such a short time? 3、我而不是他应该受到责备。 It is I, rather than he, that am to blame.

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倒装
1.以there,here,now,then,such引导的,引起人们注意 的招呼句,要全部倒装。 There goes the bell.铃响了。 Here comes the bus.车来了。 Now comes your turn.轮到你了。 2.表动态的状语,置于句首时,句子要全部倒装。 Off went the horse.马跑了。 In came the teacher.老师进来了。 3.表地点的词语置于句首或强调地点概念时全部倒 装。On the table were some flowers.桌子上有一 些花。 Between the two buildings stands a tall tree. 在两幢楼之间有一棵大树。 5

注意:当句子的主语有人称代词担当时,句子不倒装, 如:Here it is./Away they went.
4.否定词 never,seldom,hardly,scarcely,barely,rarely,little, not,nowhere,by no means,at no time,neither,nor等放在句 首时,句子常用部分倒装。

By no means shall we give up.
理论离不开实践,实践也离不开理论。

无论如何我们都不会放弃。

5.在not only...but also..., no sooner...than..., hardly...when...,scarcely...when...,not until...,so...that...,such...that... 句型中,主句用 部分倒装,从句不倒装,但要注意: neither...nor...连接句子的主语时前后两个分句 都倒装。 6

他一听到这个消息就哭了。
Hardly/Scarcely had he heard the news When he began to cry.

Neither do I know it, nor do I care about it.
他取得了如此大的进步以致于受到了表扬。 Such great progress did he make that he was praised. 地震发生的如此突然,没有一个人成功地从快要倒塌的 房屋中逃离。 So suddenly did the earthquake occur that no one managed to escape from their collapsing houses.
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6.only放在句首修饰状语时要部分倒装。
只有用这种方法你才能解决问题。

Only in this way can you work out the problem. 只有当他回来时,我们才能查明事实真相。

Only when he returned did we find out the

truth. 7.so,neither,nor放在句首时,表示主语与前面的 主语状态相同时,用部分倒装。

neither did his wife. He didn't like the house and ___________

nor was the The first one wasn't good and ___________ second.
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8.表语、状语或动词原形+as/though+主语+ 其他时,句子要倒装。
尽管他是一个英雄,但是他也有缺点。 Hero as he is, he still has shortcomings. 尽管我很喜欢它,但我不会买。 Much as I like it,I’ll not buy it. 尽管他还会试,但可能还会失败。 Try as he would,he might fail again.

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不管它有多难,我都会按时完成。

9.however放在句首时,形容词或副词跟在 however后用倒装句式。

However difficult it is,I’ll work it out on time. 10、省略if的虚拟条件句以had/were/should开头引起 的倒装。 要是你听了医生的建议,你现在就已经康复了。 Had you followed the doctor’s advice, you would recover now. 11、强调表语,置于句首,或为保持句子平衡 Fastened to the pole is the national flag. in front of which stood We saw a house, ___________ a tall tree.(房子前面)

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Should it rain tomorrow, the sports meeting would be put off. 2、出席会议的是一些来自中国的有影响的科学家。 Present at the meeting are some influential scientists from China.

1、万一明天下雨,运动会就会推迟举行。

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注意: So位于句首不倒装的情况:主语与前 句相同,表赞同, 意为“确实如此”。例如: —Mike studies hard. So he does. —_______________( 确实是。) (比较: —So do I .我也是。) 5. 表示前句内容也适用于另外的人或事,前 句如果列举了两种事实以上,用 “So it is/was with sb./sth.”回答。 —Tom is kind and often helps those in trouble. —So it is with his father.
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